The brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys) is eating crops and infesting homes in the Mid-Atlantic region. It has been confirmed on Long Island and in the Hudson Valley. Adult (top) and fifth-instar nymph (bottom). Click image for larger view. USDA photo by Stephen Ausmus.
This invasive pest can infest grapes, peaches, apples, pears, cherries, raspberries, and other crops.
“A native of Asia, this particular stink bug was first spotted in Allentown, Pa., around 1996 and has hitchhiked into parts of New York, including the Hudson Valley, Long Island and New York City in the 15 years since, but it has not posed a serious statewide agricultural threat until now,” writes Amanda Garris in the Cornell Chronicle article New York wine industry faces stinky threat, professor warns.
“It stunned farmers in the Middle Atlantic states with its unprecedented, aggressive damage in 2010, feeding on a wide variety of crops, from soybeans to fruit trees.”
Of all the issues in need of attention at this moment in the history of American higher education, few are as important as the status and future of its public mission, purposes and work. Scott Peters, associate professor of education at Cornell University’s College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, takes this issue up in his newest book, Democracy and Higher Education: Traditions and Stories of Civic Engagement, published last fall by Michigan State University Press.
Through the presentation and analysis of oral history profiles of the public engagement work of a dozen Cornell faculty members, he illuminates and defends an underappreciated tradition of civic professionalism in higher education that includes and interweaves expert, social critic, responsive service, and proactive leadership roles.
Four of those oral history profiles feature Department of Horticulture faculty:
Peters’ research program is centered on the study of American higher education’s public mission and work, including the role of cooperative extension professionals in making democracy work as it should. He will be presenting a seminar on his book as part of Mann Library’s Chats in the Stacks series on Thursday, March 31 at 4:00 p.m. in Mann 160. A reception and book signing will follow.
You can view or listen to Peter’s March 29, 2007 Chat in the Stack’s presentation, Engaging Campus and Community: The Practice of Public Scholarship in the State and Land-grant University at the Mann Library Podcast site.
Wien also studied the effects of delayed transplanting, pinching larkspur, the effects of daylength on sunflowers and rudbeckia and more. Trials also analyzed performance of varieties of amaranth, celosia, aster, Bells of Ireland, campanula, dianthus, gomphrena, ornamental kale/cabbage, lisianthus, marigold, scabiosa and snapdragon.
‘Greenfinger’ – A beit alpha (European or English-type) cucumber
‘Success PM’ – A straightneck yellow summer squash
‘PMR Delicious 51′ – An early-ripening muskmelon
‘Hannah’s Choice’ – An early-ripening muskmelon
‘Salt and Pepper’ – A white-skinned, black-spined pickling cucumber
These cultivars are unique and delicious, they have resistance to common disease problems, and they produce high yields in upstate New York and beyond.
Proceeds from sales of these special seeds benefit Synapsis.
Greenhouse grower Jacob Wszolek recycles pots at the Plant Science Greenhouses.
For more than two decades, Cornell’s greenhouse staff have recycled potting soil and plants to make compost for use on campus and off. But with the addition this year of a plastic recycling program, Cornell’s greenhouses just got even greener.
Each year, experiments in Cornell greenhouses use tens of thousands of #5 polypropylene pots to grow plants. Whenever possible, the pots are sterilized and re-used. But it used to be that when they outlived their useful life, they were tossed out with the trash.
Now, the greenhouse staff can simply tap out the soil and deposit unusable pots into collection bins located at six greenhouses around campus. The plastic will find new life as ice scrapers, rakes, brooms, bike racks and other products.
At 155,000 square feet, Cornell’s greenhouses are the largest non-commercial facilities in New York. They house 200 to 300 research projects at any given time, growing everything from flower bulbs to bioenergy feedstock crops. They also support faculty teaching efforts.
Most of the greenhouses are run by the Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station, which is dedicated to sustainability in its two core functions – operation of world-class research facilities on campus and around New York and administration of federal formula grants.
The recycling project is a joint effort led by the Safety, Health and Environmental Management Steering Committee for Cornell Greenhouses and the Cornell Recycling Department in Facilities Management. The entire greenhouse staff is enthusiastic about the recycling project as part of their commitment to reducing waste, energy use and carbon dioxide emissions.
Glenn Evans ’03, MS ’07, PhD ’10, is the new director of agricultural operations at the Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station (CUAES). Glen, formerly a research support specialist in the Weed Science program in the Department of Horticulture, oversees the agricultural operations of CUAES, including six farms throughout the state, CALS plant growth facilities and Dilmun Hill, Cornell’s student organic farm. Glenn received his PhD in Horticulture from Cornell, and has experience in vegetable and flower production systems, sustainable farming practices, and facility and equipment maintenance and repair.
Cultivator tools – Evans demonstrates custom cultivator tools he developed at Cornell University’s Homer C. Thompson Research Farm in Freeville, N.Y.
Applying vinegar with a banded, directed sprayer – Evans demonstrates a banded, directed sprayer he developed at Cornell University’s Homer C. Thompson Research Farm in Freeville, N.Y. The experiment tested coatings on the crop stems to minimize damage to the crop by the vinegar.
“A major focus of farm research is on sustainable systems approaches — ‘on how rotations, cover crops, fertility management, minimum tillage and similar environmentally friendly tactics increase yields while maintaining healthy soils for both conventional and organic growers,’ says McKay.
“For example, Professor Anu Rangarajan tests and refines ways small farmers using new ‘zone tillage’ can cut labor and fuel costs by 25 percent to 70 percent. For starters, only actual planting rows are tilled. From turning the soil and breaking deep compacted layers to busting up clods and building planting mounds, zone tillers do it in just one pass — and farmers can even build one themselves.”