Article: Tallis, M; Bailey, VP; Macintosh, B; Chilcote, JK; Poyneer, LA; Ruffio, JB; Hayward, TL; Savransky, D; “Air, Telescope, and Instrument Temperature Effects on the Gemini Planet Imager’s Image Quality”, Proceedings of SPIE, Adaptive Optics Systems VI, 10703
Abstract: The Gemini Planet Imager (GPI) is a near-infrared instrument that uses Adaptive Optics (AO), a coronagraph, and advanced data processing techniques to achieve very high contrast images of exoplanets. The GPI Exoplanet Survey (GPIES) is a 600 stars campaign aiming at detecting and characterizing young, massive and self-luminous exoplanets at large orbital distances (> 5 au). Science observations are taken simultaneously with environmental data revealing information about the turbulence in the telescope environment as well as limitations of GPI’s AO system. Previous work has shown that the timescale of the turbulence, To, is a strong predictor of AO performance, however an analysis of the dome turbulence on AO performance has not been done before. Here, we study correlations between image contrast and residual wavefront error (WFE) with temperature measurements from multiple locations inside and outside the dome. Our analysis revealed GPI’s performance is most correlated with the temperature difference between the primary mirror of the telescope and the outside air. We also assess the impact of the current temperature control and ventilation strategy at Gemini South (GS).
Funding Acknowledgement: Gemini Observatory; U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory [DE-AC52-07NA27344]; National Aeronautics and Space Administration; Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology; NSF on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the NSF (USA); National Research Council (Canada); CONICYT (Chile); Australian Research Council (Australia); MCTI (Brazil); MINCYT (Argentina)
Funding Text: The GPI project has been supported by Gemini Observatory, which is operated by AURA, Inc., under a cooperative agreement with the NSF on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the NSF (USA), the National Research Council (Canada), CONICYT (Chile), the Australian Research Council (Australia), MCTI (Brazil) and MINCYT (Argentina). Additionally, portions of this work were performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344. V.B. acknowledges government sponsorship; this research was carried out in part at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.