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Fall 2017 issue of New York Berry News is available online

  Volume 16, Number 3 – Fall 2017

In this issue:

  • Exclusion Netting to Combat SWD
  • Lyme Disease: Ticks and the Diseases They Carry
  • “How to”: Berry Diseases
  • New Farmers Grant Fund Program
  • Growing frustration about the weather: What can we do?
  • SWD Webinars
  • Rainfall Survey
  • NEWA Survey and Berry Models
  • Organic Fruit Sales Surge 12%
  • Utilizing Plasticulture
  • Berry Production Course
  • High Tunnel Raspberry and Blackberry Guide
  • Root Weevils in Berries
  • SWD: Year in Review

Visit the revamped Cornell Berry Resources website to view back issues and more.

Cornell Small Farms Program offers Berry Production distance learning course

If you’re exploring the idea of adding berries and bramble fruits to your farm, this course will help you consider all the aspects of this decision, from varieties and site selection all the way through profit potential and marketing.

Upon completion of this course, which starts November 7, you will understand:

  • Primary considerations when choosing a site for successful berry farming
  • Basic cultural demands of the 3 major berry crops (strawberry, blueberry and brambles)
  • Cultural requirements of an array of lesser known berry crops
  • Pest complexes of the major berry crops
  • Post-harvest requirements of berries
  • Considerations for successful marketing of berry crops
  • How to analyze costs vs. expenses and be able to incorporate them into a business plan

The bulk of the course happens on your own time, with discussions, readings, and assignments in MOODLE, our virtual classroom. To add to the experience, webinars will be woven into the online interface of the course to allow you to meet on a weekly basis to learn from outside presenters and ask questions to address your farm issues in real time. If you miss a webinar, they are always recorded and posted for later viewing.

The Instructors are Laura McDermott, team leader and regional fruit and vegetable specialist for Cornell Cooperative Extension of Eastern NY, and Jim O’Connell, the small fruits educator for Cornell Cooperative Extension in Ulster County, NY.

More information | More Small Farms Program online courses

Berry Crops Field Workshop August 29, Stephentown, NY

Come and learn from experts!

  • Dr. Greg Loeb, Cornell
  • Dr. Juliet Carroll, NYS IPM and  NEWA
  • Dale Ila Riggs, The Berry Patch
  • Laura McDermott, CCE ENYCHP

This workshop will cover the following topics:

  • Plasticulture strawberry production for June berries and Day Neutral
  • Low tunnels on strawberries
  • High tunnel raspberry production
  • Exclusion netting to control SWD in blueberries
  • Using computer models to improve pest management of berry crops
  • Collaboration between NEWA and NYS Mesonet

More information.

Summer 2017 issue of New York Berry News is available online

Volume 16, Number 2 – Summer 2017

In this issue:

  • Strawberry Rootworm
  • Protecting crops from Spotted Wing Drosophila
  • Invasive Pest of Fruit Crops: Spotted Lanternfly
  • Protected Culture for Strawberries Using Low Tunnels
  • The Fall of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug in New York’s Hudson Valley
  • Survey Details Impact of 2016 Drought on NY Farming
  • Ag Business Tuesdays
  • Upcoming Events
  • Organic and IPM Guides for Berries
  • Bees face heavy pesticide peril from drawn-out sources
  • Insects and Diseases According to Crop
  • Cornell Fruit Resources

Visit the newly revamped Cornell Berry Resources website to view back issues and more.

New protected culture berry production resources

Interested in extending your harvest season and protecting your berries from weather?  Here are two new resources:

  • Protected Culture for Strawberries Using Low Tunnels –  New 20-age publication by Marvin Pritts berry specialist in the Horticulture Section, School of Integrative Plant Science, and and Laura McDermott, Team Leader, Small Fruit and Vegetable Specialist, Eastern New York Commercial Horticulture Program.
  • Low and High Tunnels for Protected Culture for Berries — Video of presentation by Marvin Pritts, during the Rutgers Cooperative Extension educational sessions at the New Jersey Agriculture Convention and Trade Show in February 2017.

Set Strawberry Alarm Clock for Post-Apple Bloom

By Krishna Ramanujan, reposted from CALS news [2017-03-30]:

Native ground nesting bees visit apple blossoms. Photo by Heather Grab/Provided.

Native ground nesting bees visit apple blossoms. Photo by Heather Grab/Provided.

Growers who time their strawberries to bloom just after apples do can reap a better harvest, according to new research.

When apple trees blossom, the sheer abundance of flowers attracts most of the pollinators, which leaves fewer bees for other nearby crops such as strawberries and lowers their yields. But if growers time their strawberries to flower directly after a neighboring apple bloom, strawberries produce higher yields than they would if there were no apple trees nearby.

The findings, published in the March 27 issue of Nature Scientific Reports, offers growers a sustainable method for boosting yields of crops that bloom around the same time as apples.

Previous research showed that strawberries can have as much as 40 percent yield increase when bees and other pollinators visit, compared with relying on wind pollination alone.

“We are trying to figure out ways that growers can use ecosystem services to promote crop yield rather than relying on external inputs, such as fertilizers and pesticides,” said lead author Heather Grab, a doctoral student in the lab of co-author Bryan Danforth, professor of entomology.

Planting natural habitats around farm fields can lead to improved health of pollinators and a boost in their services, according to research. But for many growers in agriculturally dense areas, increasing natural habitats is not an option.

“Those growers need some more sustainable agriculture options,” Grab said. “If growers pay attention to timing of when crops are blooming and manipulate that by planting apple varieties and strawberry varieties that don’t overlap, you can get a boost in yield that is almost equivalent to having natural habitat nearby.”

Growers often also use mulching systems to delay strawberry blooms.

The researchers, who conducted the study in the Finger Lakes region of Upstate New York, discovered diverse pollinator communities in the area, with at least 65 species visiting either apples or strawberries, with substantial overlap in species that visited both crops. The most abundant apple pollinators – ground nesting bees – were also the most abundant strawberry pollinators.

Grab and her colleagues set up experimental plots of potted strawberry plants in commercial strawberry fields, so they could control water, soil quality, deer herbivory and the timing of strawberry blooms. These plots were located across a gradient with apple orchards nearby in some locations and with no apples present in others. They also set up bee traps in these plots. They put out the pots of strawberries at three distinct time periods; during early apple bloom, at full-peak apple bloom, and just as apple blooms were dying out.

Future work will investigate whether this strategy also holds benefits for the pollinators, as food sources are spread out over time rather than having a large glut of food that is followed by less availability.

Co-authors included Greg Loeb and Katja Poveda, both Cornell faculty members in entomology, and Eleanor Blitzer, a biologist at Carroll College.

The study was supported by Smith Lever and Hatch funds and the United States Department of Agriculture.

This article also appeared in the Cornell Chronicle.

High tunnels, low tunnels, protected culture – Workshops!

Protected Culture WORKSHOPS for Berry Growers!  Three workshops will be held—in Portland, NY on December 14th; in Syracuse, NY on January 17; and in Riverhead, NY on March 7. Yes, we’re spreading the word on protected culture – high tunnels, low tunnels, and everything in between – with these workshops in Western NY, Central NY, and Long Island.

As dramatic weather events increase, pest pressure intensifies, and local markets vitalize, New York berry growers need ways to protect their crop and lengthen their season. Growers, educators and researchers are testing techniques for growing berries under cover and the current state of knowledge on protected culture will be shared with those attending these Workshops sponsored by the New York State Berry Growers Association (NYSBGA).

Plan now to attend one of these three regional workshops to learn more about these innovations in berry growing. These day-long workshops will feature multiple short presentations, hands-on activities, and reports from researchers, educators, and growers. Many New York State growers who are experimenting with growing under cover are having great successes and want to share those with you!  Just one testimonial on the benefits of protected culture …I was able to supply my CSA members with strawberries right through the end of October.

Register soon! Registration for the Protected Culture Workshops is open! Download the NYSBGA Workshop Registration Form(www.hort.cornell.edu/grower/nybga/pdfs/workshops/Workshop Registration Form.pdf) from the NYSBGA website, fill it out and return it ASAP—don’t miss out on the Western NY workshop, which is December 14th!  Workshop registration is $25 per person for NYSBGA Members, and $50 per person for Non-Members, which includes lunch and take-home materials.

The Portland, NY Workshop Program is packed with information, as the other two workshops will be, as well:

  • strawberry cultivars for low tunnels
  • choosing and recycling tunnel plastic
  • using tools to predict weather events
  • disease and insect management
  • growing raspberries in high tunnels
  • using exclusion netting to protect against SWD
  • hands-on activities
  • a take-home resource guide and supplies

Look for DEC pesticide applicator re-certification credits in categories 1A, 22, 23 and 10.

Participants can save on workshop registration by joining the NYSBGA. 2017 Membership is $125 and applies to two individuals per farm.  Associate Membership is $75 for non-profit agricultural professionals. Business members can join for $250 and receive two advertisements in the NYSBGA newsletter, which reaches berry growers throughout the state and online.

NYSBGA Workshop dates and locations:

December 14, 2016:
CLEREL (Cornell Lake Erie Research and Extension Lab)
6592 West Main Road, Portland, NY, 14769
Register by December 7th — Late registrations are being accepted

January 17, 2017:
Oncenter Convention Center Syracuse, NY during the EXPO
Register for this workshop via the Empire State Producers EXPO at nysvga.org/expo/information/

March 7, 2017:
Cornell Cooperative Extension Suffolk County Extension Education Center
423 Griffing Avenue, Suite 100, Riverhead, New York 11901-3071
Register by February 28th

The workshops are sponsored by the NYS Berry Growers Association, Cornell Cooperative Extension, Cornell University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, with funding support from the NYS Legislature.

For more Workshop details visit:www.hort.cornell.edu/grower/nybga/
Contact: Cara Fraver, NYSBGA
(646) 284-7762
nysbga@gmail.com

Register now for Cornell Fruit Field Day, July 20, Geneva, N.Y.

fruit compositePre-registration deadline is July 15 @ noon. Walk-in registrations will not be available, you must pre-register. Register now.

fruit compositeRepost from June 24. From Art Agnello, Dept. of Entomology, NYSAES:

Mark your calendars for the Cornell Fruit Field Day, to be held in Geneva on Wednesday, July 20.  The 2016 version of this triennial event will feature ongoing research in berries, hops, grapes, and tree fruit, and is being organized by Cornell University, the NYS Agricultural Experiment Station, CALS Fruit Program Work Team and Cornell Cooperative Extension.  All interested persons are invited to learn about the fruit research under way at Cornell University.  Attendees will be able to select from tours of different fruit commodities.  Details of the program presentations are still being finalized, but the event will feature a number of topics, including:

 Berries

  • Spotted wing drosophila research update in berry crops
  • Hummingbird use, monitoring network
  • Use of exclusion netting for managing spotted wing drosophila in fall raspberries
  • Monitoring spotted wing drosophila for management decisions in summer raspberry and blueberry
  • Behavioral control of spotted wing drosophila using repellents and attract & kill stations
  • Effect of habitat diversity on ecosystem services for strawberries
  • High tunnel production of black and red raspberries
  • Day-neutral strawberries/low tunnel production

 Tree Fruits

  • Apple breeding and genetic studies
  • Research updates on fire blight, apple scab, mildew
  • Bitter pit in Honeycrisp
  • 3D camera canopy imaging
  • Ambrosia beetle management trials
  • Malus selections for potential use in cider production
  • Precision spraying in orchards
  • Role of insects in spreading fire blight in apples
  • Bacterial canker of sweet cherries
  • Rootstocks & training systems for sweet cherry
  • NC-140 rootstock trials on Honeycrisp and Snap Dragon
  • Pear rootstocks & training systems

 Grapes & Hops

  • Sour rot of grapes
  • VitisGen grape breeding project
  • Precision spraying in grapes
  • Managing the spread of leafroll virus in Vinifera grape using insecticides and vine removal
  • Early leaf removal on Riesling
  • Overview of NYSAES hops planting
  • Powdery and downy mildew management in hops
  • Hops weed mgt; mite biocontrol
  • Update on malting barley research

 Also

  • FSMA Produce Safety Rule

Field Day details

The event will take place at the NYSAES Fruit and Vegetable Research Farm South, 1097 County Road No. 4, 1 mile west of Pre-emption Rd. in Geneva, NY.

Arrive at 8:00 AM to get settled in. Tours begin promptly at 8:30 AM and are scheduled in the morning from 8:30 to 11:30 and in the afternoon from 1:30 to 5:00. Lunch will be served at the exhibit tent area between 11:30-12:30.

Visit sponsors anytime from 11:30-1:30

Learn about products and services from:

  • Agro Liquid
  • Arysta Life Science
  • Dow AgroSciences
  • Dupont
  • Farm Credit East, ACA
  • Finger Lakes Trellis Supply
  • LaGasse Works, Inc.
  • Lakeview Vineyard Equipment
  • NY Apple Sales
  • OESCO, Inc
  • Red Jacket Orchards
  • Superior Wind Machine Service
  • Valent USA Corp.
  • Wafler Farms
  • Tastings from War Horse Brewing

To participate as a sponsor, see the registration website or contact Shelly Cowles (315-787-2274; mw69@cornell.edu).

Register now!

Admission fee is $50/person ($40 for additional attendees from the same farm or business), which covers tours, lunch and educational materials. Pre-registration is required. Walk-in registration may be available for a $10 surcharge on the day of the event.  Register on the Cornell Fruit Field Day Event registration page, http://events.cals.cornell.edu/ffd2016

Regional Small Fruit School, October 27, Bath, N.Y.

Regional Small Fruit School
Tuesday, October 27, 2015 at 9:00am to 3:00pm
Bath Civil Defense Building, 7220 State Rte 54, Bath NY 14810

The full day program will include topics on: differentiating disease in berry crops, insect pests of strawberry, raspberry, and blueberries, soil health as a tool for berry nutrition, strawberry and raspberry varieties, blueberry pruning, and managing diseases and insects in small fruit plantings.

We have a top notch lineup of Cornell University faculty: Dr. Marvin Pritts, Chair of Horticulture, Dr. Kerik Cox, Plant Pathology/Microbe-Biology, Dr. Greg Loeb, Entomology, and Dr. Courtney Weber, Professor of Horticulture. Sign up soon to be a part of this great program.

DEC credits have been applied for in categories 1a, 10, and 22.

The program will give you an opportunity to ask questions about your operation and to learn the newest research being done in the field. The fee of $25.00 will include your lunch and all materials. Please contact Colleen Cavagna to sign-up:  cc746@cornell.edu or 585-268-7644 ext 12. Pre-registration is required by Oct. 19th, 2015. No refunds for cancellations: although substitutions are allowed.

Hosted by Cornell University Cooperative Extension of Allegany and Steuben County in conjunction with Cornell University faculty.

Program:

  • Differentiating Disease in Berry Crops – Kerik Cox –Differentiating disease from other issues and highlighting reoccurring disease challenges that small fruit growers face yearly.
  • Top Three Insect Pests for Strawberry, Raspberry and Blueberry – Greg Loeb
  • Soil Health as a Tool for Berry Nutrition – Marvin Pritts – Why are we talking about soil health instead of just regular soil tests? Physical and biological factors in the soil contribute significantly to healthy plants and good productivity.
  • Strawberry and Raspberry Varieties – Courtney Weber – Research based recommendations based on suitability in our New York State climate.
  • Blueberry Pruning – Marvin Pritts – Principles of pruning: when, what, how, and why. Learn how to prune blueberries of any age for the most optimal production.
  • Managing Diseases in Small Fruit Plantings – Kerik Cox – Standard management practices for common and uncommon small fruit diseases and selecting chemical management tools.
  • Managing Insects – Greg Loeb – Practices to reduce pest pressure in small fruit plantings.

Extending Local Strawberry Production Using Low Tunnel Technology programs in August and September

Tuesday, August 25th, 2:00-4:00pm
Green Acre & West Wind Fruit Farm
930 Manitou Rd.
Hilton, NY 14612
Monroe County

Friday, September 11th, 2:00-4:00pm
Terry’s Berry Farm
284 Church St
Barton NY 13734
Tioga County

Thursday, September 16th, 3:00-5:00pm
Feura Farm
210 Onesquethaw Creek Road
Feura Bush NY 12067
Albany County

More information.

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