USDA to Survey County Small Grains Acreage and Production

The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) will survey producers throughout the U.S. as part of its County Agricultural Production Survey (CAPS). The survey will collect information on total acres planted and harvested, and total yield and production of small grains down to the county level.

“The data provided by producers will help Federal and State programs support the farmer,” said Kevin Pautler, deputy director of the NASS Northeastern Regional Field Office. “We hope every producer will take the time to respond if they receive this survey. Producers benefit when there are data available to help determine accurate loan rates, disaster payments, crop insurance price elections, and more. When enough producers respond to surveys, NASS is able to publish data. Without data, agencies such as USDA’s Risk Management Agency or Farm Service Agency may not have information on which to base the programs that serve those same producers.”

Within the next few weeks NASS representatives will contact selected growers to arrange telephone interviews to complete the survey.

NASS safeguards the privacy of all respondents and publishes only aggregate data, ensuring that no individual operation or producer can be identified.

Survey results will be published on the NASS Quick Stats database at https://quickstats.nass.usda.gov. For more information, please call the NASS Northeastern Regional Field Office at (800) 498-1518.

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NYS DEC Clarifies Dicamba Court Decision

On June 3, 2020, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit vacated the EPA’s registration of three products containing the active ingredient dicamba which effectively cancelled their federal registrations.
The three products are:
    • Xtendimax with Vaporgrip Technology, EPA Reg. No. 524-617;
    • Engenia, EPA Reg. No. 7969-345; and
    • FeXapan, EPA Reg. No. 352-913.
On June 8, 2020, in response to the Court’s decision, the EPA issued a Cancellation Order (https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2020-06/documents/final_cancellation_order_for_three_dicamba_products.pdf) for these three products.
In light of the Court’s decision associated with these registrations and the provisions of  the EPA’s Cancellation Order to implement that decision, NYS DEC is taking the following actions:
Registrations. The registrations of the three products will be cancelled as of July 31, 2020 in accordance with the provisions of ECL Section 33-0713. Thirty days notice will be provided to the registrants of these products.
Distribution or Sale. Distribution or sale of existing stocks of the three products shall be limited as follows:
    • Distribution or sale by registrants is prohibited immediately, except for distribution for the purposes of proper disposal.
    • Distribution or sale of products that are already in the possession of someone other than the registrant is permitted only for disposal or to facilitate return to the registrant or a registered establishment.
    • Distribution or sale by commercial applicators is permitted to facilitate use no later than July 31, 2020.
Use. All use, including storage of open containers, is prohibited after July 31, 2020.
Questions about dicamba may be directed to pesticidecompliance@dec.ny.gov or ppr@dec.ny.gov or by calling 518-402-8727.
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
625 Broadway, Albany, NY 12233-7254
P: 518-402-8748 | F: 518-402-9024| www.dec.ny.gov |
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Dicamba tolerant soybeans without dicamba

Contributed by Mike Hunter, CCE-North Country Regional Ag Team

On June 3, 2020 a federal court ruling vacated the registration of dicamba herbicides approved for use in dicamba tolerant or Xtend soybeans in New York.  The herbicides named in the decision were XtendiMax, Engenia and FeXapan.  This effectively stops the approved sale and use of these three dicamba herbicides for use on Xtend traited soybean in New York.  However, Tavium Plus VaporGrip Technology (diglycolamine salt of dicamba + s-metolachlor premix) was not listed in the court ruling and remains an option for growers to use on dicamba tolerant soybeans.

Unless an appeal to the ruling or an emergency stay is granted by the court, this decision will certainly change many currently planned herbicide programs in place today.  The question that will be asked by growers is “I’ve planted Xtend soybeans, now what are my options?”. For soybean growers that have resistant tall waterhemp and palmer amaranth in soybeans there are other effective herbicide options available.  For soybean growers that have multiple resistant marestail (Groups 2 and 9) in soybeans it will be more challenging.

The postemergence control of resistant tall waterhemp and palmer amaranth in all soybeans, including conventional, can be achieved by applying Reflex or Flexstar (fomesafen) or Prefix (s-metolachlor + fomesafen) or Warrant Ultra (acetochlor + fomesafen) before the weeds reach 3 inches tall.  If necessary, a late rescue treatment of Cobra (lactofen) can be applied.

There are no effective postemergence herbicides to control multiple resistant marestail in glyphosate tolerant (Roundup Ready) or conventional soybeans.  Postemergence applications of Reflex, Flexstar and Cobra, will not control marestail.

This court ruling comes at a very poor time during the growing season.  There are still many unanswered questions about how this will affect any of these dicamba products that are already purchased and on the farm.  The chemical companies will continue to provide updates on this court ruling and what it will mean to growers and retailers.  In the meantime, make sure you have an alternative plan in place in case XtendiMax, Fexapan and Engenia herbicides are lost for the remainder of the growing season.

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2020 Small Grains Management Virtual Field Day to be held June 4

field day flyerDue to COVID-19 restrictions, we are not able to hold our traditional, in-person, Small Grains Management Field Day at Cornell’s Musgrave Research Farm this year.  However, we invite you to participate in our first virtual Small Grains Field Day via Zoom.  This will be an opportunity to learn about the latest in small grains development, management, and markets.  Highlights this year include an introduction to Cornell’s first ‘Born, Bred, and Brewed in New York’ spring barley variety.  All participants on the call will be invited to ask questions and make comments. No registration is required.  So please plan to log-in to Zoom (instructions below) before 10 AM on June 4.  Looking forward to hearing and seeing you on Zoom!  Gary and Jenn

 

Join Zoom Meeting
https://cornell.zoom.us/j/96170880521?pwd=aUI0QUtkK3JxcEg1Z2V5KzJkaUV2UT09
Password: smallgrain (you may be asked to enter this before you are admitted to the call)

Meeting ID: 961 7088 0521

One tap mobile
+16468769923,,96170880521# US (New York)
+16465189805,,96170880521# US (New York)

 

If you have never participated in a Zoom meeting, you will need to install the Zoom software before you can attend our virtual field day. Instructions for installing the Zoom client on Windows and Mac Desktop computers, Apple iOS devices, Android devices, and ChromeOS devices are available on the Cornell IT website at https://it.cornell.edu/zoom/install-zoom-software.

 

BEST PRACTICES FOR ZOOM ETIQUETTE:

  • Please ensure your mic is muted and camera off while presenters are speaking
  • Wear appropriate clothing in case you are seen on camera
  • Be aware of noise around you, and try not to watch in a busy location. This will make it easier for you to hear as well as everyone else in the session if you come off mute
  • Camera and mic can be used for questions during open discussion segments
  • Use the ‘chat box’ and ‘raise hand’ functions of Zoom to signal to the hosts that you’d like to ask a question
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Looking for Cereal Leaf Beetle Infested Fields

Contributed by Jaime Cummings, NYS Integrated Pest Management Program

small grains in field
Cereal leaf beetle larva and damage. (Photo by J. Cummings)

Many of you in certain parts of NY experience damage and losses to your small grains crops from the Cereal Leaf Beetle.  It is considered a primary pest of concern wherever it infests a field.  We started a project in 2019 to investigate the potential for biocontrol of this pest, and it yielded promising results, which some of you may have seen shared at various crop congresses and other extension venues this past winter (Fig 1.).

Table of cereal leaf beetle collection
Figure 1. Collection efforts in 2019 to identify cereal leaf beetle parasitoid populations in NY

We confirmed the presence of the biocontrol parasitoid wasp, Tetrastichus julis, in a number of fields in 2019, including a high population of them in one location in Tompkins County (Fig. 2).  Cereal leaf beetle larvae were collected, parasitism levels were determined, and were then released at the Musgrave Research Farm in Cayuga County.  The goal is to build this population of parasitoids and use it as a reservoir for future releases in areas affected by the cereal leaf beetle pest over the next several years.

bar chart
Figure 2. Parasitism levels of collected cereal leaf beetle populations in NY in 2019.

Based on the success of the first year, we are moving forward with this project, and we need your help.  Please help us identify fields infested with cereal leaf beetle larvae.  If your field is infested, please contact your local CCE field crop specialist or Jaime Cummings at the NYS IPM program (jc2246@cornell.edu) so that we can come and collect larvae from your fields to determine parasitism levels and potentially use them to build up the population of the parasitoid at the research farm for future on-farm releases.  We appreciate your cooperation!

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2020 Cornell Guide for Integrated Field Crop Management Now Available

2020 Field Crops Guide CoverThe Pesticide Management Education Program (PMEP) at Cornell University is pleased to announce the availability of the 2020 Cornell Guide for Integrated Field Crop Management.

Written by Cornell University specialists, this publication is designed to offer producers, seed and chemical dealers, and crop consultants practical information on growing and managing field corn, forages, small grains, and soybeans. Topics covered include nutrient management, soil health, variety selection, and common field crop pest concerns. A preview of the Field Crops Guide can be seen online at https://cropandpestguides.cce.cornell.edu.

Highlighted changes in the 2020 Cornell Field Crops Guide include:

    • Revised pesticide options for economically important field crop pests.
    • Updated corn, forage, and small grain variety trial and research data.
    • Pesticides available for stored grain management.

Cornell Crop and Pest Management Guidelines are available as a print copy, online-only access, or a package combining print and online access. The print edition of the 2020 Field Crops Guide costs $31 plus shipping. Online-only access is $31. A combination of print and online access costs $43.50 plus shipping costs for the printed book.

Cornell Guidelines can be obtained through your local Cornell Cooperative Extension office or from the Cornell Store at Cornell University. To order from the Cornell Store, call (844) 688-7620 or order online at https://www.cornellstore.com/books/cornell-cooperative-ext-pmep-guidelines.

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USDA NASS: Northeastern Region Small Grains Annual Summary

New York

Barley production is estimated at 208 thousand bushels, down 55 percent from the 2018 total of 464 thousand bushels.  Average yield per acre, at 52.0 bushels, is down 6.0 bushels from the previous year.  Harvested area, at 4 thousand acres, is down 50 percent from 2018.  Winter wheat production for 2019 totaled 4.16 million bushels, down 37 percent from the 2018 total of 6.56 million bushels.  Average yield, at 63.0 bushels per acre, is down 6.0 bushels from 2018. Area harvested for grain is estimated at 66 thousand acres, down 31 percent from the previous year.

For the complete “Small Grains Annual Summary” report, go to: https://usda.library.cornell.edu/concern/publications/5t34sj573

 The “Small Grains Annual Summary” report and all other NASS reports are available online at www.nass.usda.gov.

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USDA to Measure Small Grain Production

During the week of August 26th, growers of small grains around the country will receive survey forms from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). The agency is taking a comprehensive look into the 2019 production and supply of small grains, which include wheat, oats, barley, and rye.

“The small grains industry is an important part of Northeastern agriculture and it is crucial for all involved with the agriculture sector to have accurate data about this key sector of the economy,” explained King Whetstone, director of the National Agricultural Statistics Service. “We will contact more than 4,000 producers in Delaware, Maine, Maryland, New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania to accurately measure 2019 acreage, yield, and production for small grain crops. The data collected from this survey will also help set small grain acreage, yield, and production estimates at the county level, to be published in December 2019.”

NASS will contact survey participants to gather information on their 2019 production and the quantities of whole grains and oilseeds stored on farm. As an alternative to mailing the survey back, and to help save both time and money, growers will have the option to securely respond to the survey online. Farmers who have not responded by August 30, 2019 may receive a phone call or visit from a NASS representative who will help them fill out the survey form.

“NASS safeguards the privacy of all respondents and publishes only county, State and National level data, ensuring that no individual operation or producer can be identified,” stated Whetstone. “We recognize that this is a hectic time for farmers and ranchers, but the information they provide helps U.S. agriculture remain viable and capable. I urge them to respond to these surveys and thank them for their time and cooperation,” said King Whetstone.

NASS will analyze the survey information and publish the results in a series of USDA reports, including the annual Small Grains Summary and quarterly Grain Stocks reports, both to be released September 30, 2019. Survey data also contribute to NASS’s monthly and annual Crop Production reports, and the USDA’s World Agricultural Outlook Board’s monthly World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE).

All NASS reports are available online at https://www.nass.usda.gov/Publications/. For more information call the NASS Northeastern Regional Office at (800) 498-1518.

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Zinc Deficiency in Corn

Kitty O’Neil, Field Crops & Soils Specialist and Team Leader – North Country Regional Ag Team, Cornell University Cooperative Extension

Corn can exhibit interveinal chlorosis (striped leaves) as a result of several factors – nutrient deficiencies or other causes.  Many times, these stripes appear during a cold, wet spring and later disappear.

Nutrient deficiencies that can cause striped leaves include sulfur, manganese, magnesium and zinc.

  • Sulfur deficiency can occur on low organic matter, coarse soils receiving little or no manure or other organic inputs.
  • Manganese deficiency can occur when soils are dry for extended periods or in high pH soils.
  • Magnesium deficiency can occur in low pH, coarse soils or when soil K is especially high.
  • Zinc deficiency can occur in high pH, coarse, low OM soils – especially in a cold, wet spring.
  • Lastly, herbicide or nematode damage can cause striped leaves sometimes too.

On a typical NYS dairy farm where fields are have a reasonable pH and plenty of manure applied, early season striping in corn is usually caused by Zn deficiency caused by the cool, wet spring.  Striping often goes away as the season warms up and plants grow.  Tissue testing can help to diagnose a nutrient deficiency if the symptoms persist or are severe.

For a deeper dive into zinc deficiency, see the Nutrient Management Spear Program’s Fact Sheet #32.

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NNYADP-Funded Field Crop Survey Provides Real-Time Alert, Data Trend Tracking

 Growers hear from Cornell faculty and Extension educators at this NNY corn and soybean field day in Henderson, N.Y.
Growers hear from Cornell faculty and Extension educators at this NNY corn and soybean field day in Henderson, N.Y. Photo: NNYADP

To help Northern New York farmers be alert to newly emerging field crop diseases and trends, the farmer-driven Northern New York Agricultural Development Program funds an annual field crop diagnosis and assessment project. The data produced by the survey is critical to farmers locally and statewide.

The annual evaluations, revived in 2013, provide farmers with real-time alerts in the current growing season, and add to multi-year data tracking that identifies trends and indicates emerging and re-emerging challenges.

“Northern New York farmers are increasingly faced with important management decisions that require real-time knowledge of plant diseases. The regional survey provides data to help them select crop varieties with disease-resistance and plan management practices to most cost-effectively and efficiently respond to the current-day threats and year-to-year variability,” says project leader Michael E. Hunter, a Cornell University Cooperative Extension Regional Field Crops Specialist.

Hunter and Cornell University Cooperative Extension Regional Field Crops and Soils Specialist Kitty O’Neil collaborate with Cornell University Plant Pathologist Gary Bergstrom, Ph.D. to respectively detect potential issues and collect crop samples in the fields, and analyze them at the Bergstrom Lab at Cornell University in Ithaca, N.Y.

Thirty-two farms located across the six-county Northern New York region that includes Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Jefferson, Lewis and St. Lawrence counties participated in the most recently-completed survey.

The NNYADP-funded survey also includes 19 sentinel cornfields and 18 sentinel fields of soybean, chosen to maximize the diversity of environments and cropping practices that can impact disease potential. In 2018, across the NNY survey area, seven corn diseases and six soybean diseases in total were identified and diagnosed.

“We are seeing an increasing number of growers using an integrated approach to managing field crop diseases on their farms. There are growers that are now paying closer attention to disease-resistant crop varieties, crop rotations, tillage practices, soil fertility management and fungicide selection based on the crop diseases identified in this regional survey,” Hunter notes.

The results of the 2019 field crops disease diagnosis and assessment survey will be posted on the Northern New York Agricultural Development Program website at www.nnyagdev.org and disseminated to growers, crop consultants, agribusiness and extension field crops educators at crop meetings and field days locally and statewide.

Funding for the Northern New York Agricultural Development Program is supported by the New York State Legislature and administered by the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets.

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