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Within Cornell University’s Department of Natural Resources, SPEAR4  is a platform for conducting research, extension, and outreach activities in the area of ecological dimensions of human security. SPEAR4 is focused on natural resources management questions at the leading edge, “at the tip of the spear,” in places and time periods characterized by violence, conflict, disaster or war.  This work includes vulnerability assessment, resilience analysis, risk management and adaptation strategies within linked human-environment systems, as well as cultural  systems analysis within these contexts, to include veterans and military families. Extension and outreach around these and related topics is a priority for SPEAR4.

midway atoll birds weapon

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