Within Cornell University’s Department of Natural Resources, SPEAR4  is Keith Tidball‘s lab, and serves as a platform for conducting integrated research, extension, and outreach activities in the area of ecological dimensions of human security.  SPEARis focused on natural resources management questions at the leading edge – “at the tip of the spear” – in places and time periods characterized by violence, conflict, disaster or war.  This work includes vulnerability assessment, resilience analysis, risk management and adaptation strategies within social-ecological systems, as well as cultural  systems analysis within these contexts, to include veterans and military families.  Extension and outreach around these and related topics is a priority for SPEAR4.

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Greening in the Red Zone is an initiative that asserts that creation and access to green spaces confers resilience and recovery in systems disrupted by violent conflict or disaster. Multiple publications provide evidence for this assertion through cases and examples.










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The Woods & Water Prescription is an program that encompasses a suite of related initiatives, all dealing with the therapeutic attributes of time spent outdoors, especially for those who have experienced trauma such as combat-wounded veterans.



The All-Hazards Preparedness & Response Program is a Cornell Cooperative Extension Program housing disaster related initiatives and resources such as NY EDEN, AG Sentinel, and the CCE DART (Disaster All-hazards Response Team).















The interdisciplinary Cooperation in the Apocalypse research team uses science and scholarship to understand human behavior in times of crisis. This multi University collaboration seeks answers to questions such as: How is the COVID-19 pandemic affecting cooperation? Do crises bring people together or pull them apart? Recent findings from research conducted during the COVID 19 pandemic suggest that perceived interdependence increased, but cooperation decreased by some measures and increased by others. We are collecting data on an ongoing basis which will allow us to investigate how these variables continue to change or not as the pandemic unfolds.


Pools of Persistence is a multidisciplinary project in collaboration with Trout Power and Great Camp Sagamore to explore and document the power of citizen science to not only reinforce the resilience of Adirondack brook trout, but to reify the human experience as a part of, not separate from or in conflict with, the rest of Nature.


















The Wild Harvest Table is at once a culinary resource for wild fish and game cooking and a an opportunity to study and influence citizen’s decision-making about procuring, preparing, and consuming wild fish and game. Research objectives include: 1) determining the importance of wild fish and game consumption to food security in local NYS communities; 2) evaluating why people are motivated to eat, or not eat, wild fish and game; 3) examining the importance or “legibility” of nutritional analysis for wild fish and game, and the way labeling influences consumer choices; and, 4) determining how people learn about processing and preparing wild fish and game, and barriers to finding and adopting this information. Nutrition facts are included, though some species do not have nutrition information available. Part of our research is investigating this gap in nutrition information for wild game and fish species.





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