__ = Lab member; * = Equal contributions


van der Burg, K.R.L., J.J. Lewis, N. Patel, A. Martin, H.F. Nijhout, C. Danko, R.D. Reed.
Contrasting roles of transcription factors spineless and EcR in the highly dynamic chromatin landscape of butterfly wing metamorphosis.
Cell Reports.

Järvi, V.V., K.R.L. van der BurgR.D. Reed.
Seasonal plasticity in Junonia coenia (Nymphalidae): Linking wing color, temperature dynamics, and behavior.
Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society.


Lewis, J.J., R.D. Reed.
Genome-wide regulatory adaptation shapes population-level genomic landscapes in Heliconius.
Molecular Biology and Evolution.


Zhang, L, A. Mazo-Vargas, R.D. Reed.
Single master regulatory gene coordinates the evolution and development of butterfly color and iridescence.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA.



Mazo-Vargas, A., C. Concha, L. Livraghi, D. Massardo, R. Wallbank, L. Zhang, J. Papador, D. Martinez-Najera, M.R. Kronforst, C.J. Breuker, R.D. Reed, N.H. Patel, W.O. McMillan, A. Martin.
Macro-evolutionary shifts of WntA function potentiate butterfly wing pattern diversity.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA.

Zhang, L., R.D. Reed
A practical guide to CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing in Lepidoptera.
In Diversity and Evolution of Butterfly Wing Patterns.

Zhang, L., A. Martin, M.W. Perry., K.R.L. van der Burg, Y. Matsuoka, A. Monteiro, R.D. Reed
Genetic basis of melanin pigmentation in butterfly wings.
Genetics. 205: 1537-1550.




Lewis, J.J., K.R.L. van der Burg, A. Mazo-Vargas, R.D. Reed.
ChIP-seq-annotated Heliconius erato genome highlights cis-regulatory evolution in Lepidoptera.
Cell Reports. 16: 2855-2863.

Zhang, L.,  R.D. Reed
Genome editing in butterflies reveals that spalt promotes and Distal-less represses eyespot colour patterns.
Nature Communications. 7: 11769.

– Featured in Science News



Daniels, E.V., R. Murad, A. Mortazavi, R.D. Reed
Extensive transcriptional response associated with seasonal plasticity of butterfly wing patterns.
Molecular Ecology. 23: 6123-6134

Martin, A., R.D. Reed
Wnt signaling underlies evolution and development of the butterfly wing pattern symmetry systems.
Developmental Biology. 395: 367-378.

Finkbeiner, S.D., A.D. Briscoe, R.D. Reed
Warning signals are seductive: Relative contributions of color and pattern to predator avoidance and mate attraction in Heliconius butterflies.
Evolution. 68: 3410-3420.

Gallant, J.R., V.E. Imhoff, A. Martin, W.K. Savage, N. Chamberlain, B.L. Pote, B. Evans, R.D. Reed, M.R. Kronforst, S.P. Mullen
Ancient homology underlies adaptive mimetic diversity across butterflies.
Nature Communications. 5: 4817.

Finkbeiner, S. D.
Communal roosting in Heliconius butterflies (Nymphalidae): Roost recruitment, establishment, fidelity, and resource use trends based on age and sex.
Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society. 68:10-16.

Kunte, K., W. Zhang, A. Tenger-Trolander, D. Palmer, A. Martin, R.D. Reed, S.P. Mullen, M.R. Kronforst
doublesex is a mimicry supergene.
Nature. 507: 229-232.

Perspective in Nature by David Loehilin and Sean Carroll

– Featured in New York Times and Science NOW

– Featured in National Geographic, ScienceDaily, The Scientist, and others

Martin, A., K.J. McCulloch, N.H. Patel, A.D. Briscoe, L.E. Gilbert, R.D. Reed
Multiple recent co-options of Optix associated with novel traits in adaptive butterfly wing radiations.
EvoDevo. 5: 7.



Martin, A., V. Orgogozo
The loci of repeated evolution: a catalog of genetic hotspots of phenotypic variation.
Evolution. 67: 1235-1250.

Supple, M.A. H.M. Hines, K.K. Dasmahapatra, J.J. Lewis, D.M. Nielsen, C. Lavoie, D.A. Ray, C. Salazar, W.O. McMillan, B.A. Counterman
Genomic architecture of adaptive color pattern divergence and convergence in Heliconius butterflies.
Genome Research. gr.150615.112

Papa, R., D.D. Kapan, B.A. Counterman, K. Maldonado, D. Lindstrom, R.D. Reed, H.F. Nijhout, T. Hrbek, W.O. McMillan
Multi-allelic major effect genes interact with minor effect QTLs to control adaptive color pattern variation in Heliconius erato.
PLoS One. 8: e57033.



Martin, A., R. Papa, N. Nadeau, R.I. Hill, B.A. Counterman, C.D. Jiggins, M.R. Kronforst, A.D. Long, W.O. McMillan*, R.D. Reed*
Diversification of complex butterfly wing patterns by repeated regulatory evolution of a Wnt ligand.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA. 109: 12632-12637.

– Featured in New York Times

Daniels, E.V., R.D. Reed
Xanthurenic acid is a pigment in Junonia coenia butterfly wings.
Biochemical Systematics and Ecology. 44: 161-163.

Hines, H.M*, R. Papa*, M. Ruiz, A. Papanicoloau, W.O. McMillan*, R.D. Reed*
Transcriptome analysis reveals novel patterning and pigmentation genes underlying Heliconius butterfly wing pattern variation.
BMC Genomics. 13: 288.

The Heliconius Genome Consortium
Genomic evidence for promiscuous exchange of adaptations among Heliconius butterfly species.
Nature. 487: 94-98.

Faculty of 1000 selection

– Featured in New York Times

Daniels, E.V., K.A. Mooney, R.D. Reed
Seasonal wing colour plasticity varies dramatically between buckeye butterfly populations in different climatic zones.
Ecological Entomology. 37: 155-159.

Finkbeiner, S.D., A.D. Briscoe, R.D. Reed
The benefit of being a social butterfly: communal roosting deters predation.
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 279: 2769-2776.

– One of PRSB’s most-read articles of March 2012.

– Featured in Science and National Geographic

– Coverage in ABC News (Australia), and Spiegel (Germany)

– Featured in Science 2012 Year in Pictures

Bybee, S.M., F. Yuan, M.D. Ramstetter, J.L. Bousquets, R.D. Reed, D. Osorio, A.D. Briscoe
UV photoreceptors and UV-yellow wing pigments in Heliconius butterflies allow a color signal to serve both mimicry and intraspecific communication.
American Naturalist. 179: 38-51.



PNAS2011Hines, H.M., B.A. Counterman, R. Papa, P. A. de Moura, M.A. Cardoso, M. Linares, J. Mallet, R.D. Reed, C.D. Jiggins, M. Kronforst, W.O. McMillan
A wing patterning gene redefines the mimetic history of Heliconius butterflies.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA. 108: 19666-19671.

  • – Featured in New York Times


Reed, R.D.*, R. Papa*, A. Martin, H.M. Hines, B.A. Counterman, C. Pardo-Diaz, C.D. Jiggins, N.L. Chamberlain, M.R. Kronforst, R. Chen, G. Halder, H.F. Nijhout, W.O. McMillan
optix drives the repeated convergent evolution of butterfly wing pattern mimicry.
Science. 333: 1137-1141.

Faculty of 1000 selection

Science perspective by Sean Carroll

– Featured in This Week in Science

– Featured in New York Times, Washington Post, and Scientific American

Finkbeiner, S.D., R.D. Reed, R. Dirig, J.E. Losey
The role of environmental factors in the northeastern range expansion of Papilio cresphontes Cramer (Papilionidae).
Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society. 65: 119-125.



Briscoe, A.D., S.M. Bybee, G.D. Bernard, F. Yuan, M.P. Sison-Magnus, R.D. Reed, A.D. Warren, J. Llorente-Bousquets, C.-C. Chiao.
Reply to Nozawa et al.: Complementary statistical methods support positive selection of a duplicated UV opsin gene in Heliconius.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA.
 107: E97.

Martin, A., R.D. Reed
wingless and aristaless2 define a developmental ground plan for moth and butterfly wing pattern evolution.
Molecular Biology and Evolution. 27: 2864-2878.

Macdonald W.P.*, A. Martin*, R.D. Reed
Butterfly wings shaped by a molecular cookie cutter: Evolutionary radiation of lepidopteran wing shapes associated with a derived Cut / wingless wing margin boundary system.
Evolution & Development. 12: 296-304.

Briscoe, A.D., S.M. Bybee, G.D. Bernard, F. Yuan, M.P. Sison-Magnus, R.D. Reed, A.D. Warren, J. Llorente-Bousquets, C.-C. Chiao.
Positive selection of a duplicated UV-sensitive visual pigment coincides with wing pigment evolution in Heliconius butterflies.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA.
 107: 3628-3633.

Faculty of 1000 selection

Counterman, B. A., F. Arajuo-Perez, H.M. Hines, S.W. Baxter, C.M. Morrison, D.P. Lindstrom, R. Papa, L. Ferguson, M. Joron, R. ffrench-Constant, C. Smith, D.M. Nielsen, R. Chen, C.D. Jiggins, R.D. Reed, G. Halder, J. Mallet,  W. O. McMillan.
Genomic hotspots for adaptation: The population genetics of Müllerian mimicry in Heliconius erato.
PLoS Genetics. 6: e1000796.

Faculty of 1000 selection

– Featured in PLoS Genetics perspective



Papa, R., A. MartinR.D. Reed
Genomic hotspots of adaptation in butterfly wing pattern evolution.
Current Opinion in Genetics and Development. 18: 559-564.

Papa R., C.M. Morrison, J.R. Walters, B.A. Counterman, R. Chen, G. Halder,L. Ferguson, N. Chamberlain, R. ffrench-Constant, D.D. Kapan, C.D. Jiggins, R.D. Reed, W.O McMillan.
Highly conserved gene order and numerous novel repetitive elements in genomic regions linked to wing pattern variation in Heliconius butterflies.
BMC Genomics. 9: 345.

– BMC Highly Accessed article

PRSB2008Reed, R.D., W.O. McMillan, L.M. Nagy
Gene expression underlying adaptive variation in Heliconius wing patterns: non-modular regulation of overlapping cinnabar and vermilion prepatterns.
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 275: 37-45.




ED2007Reed, R.D., P.-H. Chen, H.F. Nijhout
Cryptic variation in butterfly eyespot development: the importance of sample size in gene expression studies.
Evolution & Development. 9: 2-9.





Kapan, D.D., N.S. Flanagan, A. Tobler, R. Papa, R.D. Reed, J.A. Gonzalez, M.R. Restrepo, L. Martinez, K. Maldonado, C. Ritschoff, D.G. Heckel, W.O. McMillan
Localization of Müllerian mimicry genes on a dense linkage map of Heliconius erato.
Genetics. 173: 735-757.



ED2005Reed, R.D., L.M. Nagy
Evolutionary redeployment of a biosynthetic module: expression of eye pigment genes vermilion, cinnabar, and white in butterfly wing development.
Evolution & Development. 7: 301-311.


Reed, R.D. (2005)
Gregarious oviposition in butterflies.
Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society. 59: 40-43.



DGE2004bReed, R.D., L.E. Gilbert
Wing venation and Distal-less expression in Heliconius butterfly wing pattern development.
Development Genes and Evolution. 214: 628-634.



CB2004Reed, R.D., M.S. Serfas
Butterfly wing pattern evolution is associated with changes in a Notch/Distal-less temporal pattern formation process.
Current Biology. 14: 1159-1166.

– Featured in Science NOW

DGE2004aReed, R.D.
Evidence for Notch-mediated lateral inhibition in organizing butterfly wing scales.
Development Genes and Evolution. 214: 43-46.





Reed, R.D.
Gregarious oviposition and clutch size adjustment by a Heliconius butterfly.
Biotropica. 35: 555-559.


SB2001Caterino, M., R.D. Reed, M.M. Kuo, F.A.H. Sperling
A partitioned likelihood analysis of swallowtail butterfly phylogeny (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae).
Systematic Biology. 50: 106-127.



Reed, R.D., F.A.H. Sperling
The interaction of process partitions in phylogenetic analysis: an example from the swallowtail butterfly genus Papilio.
Molecular Biology and Evolution. 16: 286-297.

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