Revolution In Libya
“شبر شبر بيت بيت دار دار زنقا زنقا فرد فرد”
[Early in the uprising, Gaddafi threatened those who opposed him to pursue and fight them ‘inch by inch, house by house, alley by alley [zanga zanga] … A tautology that’s worked at his own expense in the end.]
Protests in Libya first erupted on February 15 following the arrest of Fathi Terbi, a human rights lawyer who represented the “relatives of more than 1,000 prisoners allegedly massacred by security forces in Tripoli’s Abu Salim jail in 1996,” the BBC reported. On 17 February 2011 a series of peaceful protests that spread across the country were met with military force by the Muammar Qaddafi regime. The protests escalated into full scale armed clashes between anti- and pro-government forces. The forces opposing Gaddafi established a government based in Benghazi named the National Transitional Council whose stated goal is to overthrow the Gaddafi-led government and hold democratic elections.
On 26 February, 2011 he United Nations Security Council passed a resolution authorizing “all necessary measures” to protect civilians in Libya from pro-Gaddafi forces. Further UN resolutions were passed freezing the assets of Gaddafi and ten members of his inner circle, and restricting their travel. The resolution also referred the actions of the government to the International Criminal Court for investigation, and an arrest warrant for Gaddafi was issued on 27 June.
On August 21 Libyan rebels took control of most of Tripoli, celebrating the victory in Green Square. Gadhafi’s defenders quickly melted away. On August 23, rebels overran the colonel’s Bab al-Aziziya compound through its north gates and stormed inside.