Research & Publications


1. “Why Foreign STEM PhDs are Unlikely to Work for Technology Startups” (with J. Skrentny), 2019, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Aug. 5.

2. “The Declining Interest in an Academic Career” (with H. Sauermann), 2017, PLOS ONE, 12(9), Sept. 18.

3. “Encouraging Entrepreneurship in University Labs: Research Activities, Research Outputs, and Early Doctorate Careers“, 2017, PLOS One, 12(2), Feb. 8.

4. “Why Pursue the Postdoc Path?” (with H. Sauermann), 2016, Science, 352:663-664.
(Supplementary Materials, including detailed econometric analyses)

5. “Founder or Joiner? The Role of Preferences and Context in Shaping Different Entrepreneurial Interests.” (with H. Sauermann), 2015, Management Science, 61(9):2160-2184.

6. “Founders and Joiners.” (with H. Sauermann), 2015, Science, 348:1200-1201.
(Editor-invited and peer-reviewed research vignette highlighting the policy implications of my research on joiners for STEM doctorate careers in entrepreneurship. Part of issue’s cover feature on university entrepreneurship.)

7. “Not All Scientists Pay to Be Scientists: PhDs’ Preferences for Publishing in Industrial Employment.” (with H. Sauermann), 2014, Research Policy, 43(1):32-47.

8. “Lens or Prism? Patent Citations as a Measure of Knowledge Flows from Public Research.” (with W. Cohen), 2013, Management Science, 59(2):504-525.

9. “Increasing Web Survey Response Rates in Innovation Research: An Experimental Study of Static and Dynamic Contact Design Features.” (with H. Sauermann), 2013, Research Policy, 42(1), 273-286.

10. “Science PhD Career Preferences: Levels, Changes, and Advisor Encouragement.” (with H. Sauermann), 2012, PLOS One, 7(5)

11. “A Taste for Science? PhD Scientists’ Academic Orientation and Self-Selection into Research Careers in Industry.” (with H. Sauermann), 2010, Research Policy, 39(3):422-434.

12. “Learning in Online Forums” (with G. DeSanctis, A. Fayard, and J. Lu), 2003, European Management Journal, 21(5), 565-577.



M. Roach, H. Sauermann and J. Skrentny, “Entrepreneurial Characteristics, Preferences and Outcomes of Native and Foreign Science & Engineering PhD Students” forthcoming NBER edited volume (2019) “The Role of Immigrants and Foreign Students in Science, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship,” (eds.) Ganguli, Kahn & MacGarvie, University of Chicago Press.  NBER Working Paper No. 26225

M. Roach, H. Sauermann & J. Skrentny (2019). “Foreign-born entrepreneurial human capital in the US: The preference–outcome gap.Vox EU, Center for Economic and Policy Research Online Policy Portal.

M. Roach & J. Skrentny (2019). “Big Tech’s Unfair Immigration Advantage” op-ed in the Wall Street Journal, Dec. 10, 2019.



“Foreign STEM PhDs’ complex visa pathways in industry employment” with J. Skrentny, under review at Science

Ex Ante Career Preferences and Sorting into Startup Employment”, with H. Sauermann
 – Best Conference Paper, AOM Specialized Conference “From Start-up to Scale-up” 2018

“Are Startups Losing Out to Established Firms in Hiring High-Skilled Foreign Workers?” with J. Skrentny

“The Divergent Roles of Faculty and Graduate Students on University Startup Founding Teams”

“Set on Different Paths? Gender Differences in PhD Experiences and Career Goals” with H. Sauermann

“Re-Examining Patents as Measures of Firm Invention”

“Firm Orientation and the Use of External Knowledge”

“Taste for Science, Taste for Commercialization, and Hybrid Scientists”, with H. Sauermann



“The Early Careers of STEM Doctorates” with Henry Sauermann

“Preferences, Ability, and Career Choice” with Henry Sauermann

“The Founding Team of University Spinouts” with Diane Burton

“Experiments in Entrepreneurial Identity and Creativity”

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