Article: Zhou, ZJ; Liu, XW; Xu, J; Cao, XE; Zhu, XB; “Elemental Mercury Removal over a Novel Starch-Modified MnOx/Bentonite Composite”, Fuel Processing Technology, 187: 16-20
Abstract: To improve the activity of elemental mercury (Hg-0) removal over the bentonite supported MnO. material (MnOx/bentonite), a novel starch-modified MnOx/bentonite composite (MnOx/starch-bentonite) was synthesized for Hg-0 capture. The Hg-0 removal activity tested under the atmosphere of pure N-2 and in the presence of O-2 showed that the MnOx/starch-bentonite exhibited better activity and stability than MnOx/Jbentonite. It was evident that the Hg-0 removal efficiency over the novel catalytic sorbent (BS10M2) only declined by 16.9%, while that over MnOx/bentonite fell by 68.7% after a 5 h test under the atmosphere of N-2 + 6%O-2 at 120 degrees C. The starch modification decreased the surface area but enhanced the surface activity of bentonite, and more activate sites were generated on the surface of bentonite after being impregnated with potassium permanganate (KMnO4) solution. The improved Hg-0 removal performance was probably due to the generation of more Mn4+ and the newly introduced ester groups formed by the partial oxidation reaction between starch and KMnO4 on the support, which played essential roles in mercury catalytic oxidation and adsorption. The MnOx were generated in two ways: KMnO4 decomposition in a neutral solution condition and KMn4 reduction by the starch with hydroxyl groups.
Funding Acknowledgement: National Key R&D Program of China [2018YFB0605200]; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation [2018T110762]
Funding Text: This research is supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (2018YFB0605200), National Natural Science Foundation of China (51606166) and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2018T110762). We also acknowledge the Analytical and Testing Center at Huazhong University of Science & Technology.