Article: Rowinski DH, Pope SB, (2013) Computational Study of Lean Premixed Turbulent Flames using RANS-PDF and LES-PDF Methods. Combustion Theory and Modelling, 17 (4): 610-656
Abstract: A computational study is performed on a series of four piloted, lean, premixed turbulent jet flames. These flames use the Sydney Piloted Premixed Jet Burner (PPJB), and with jet velocities of 50, 100, 150 and 200m/s are denoted PM150, PM1100, PM1150 and PM1200, respectively.
Calculations are performed using the RANSPDF and LESPDF methodologies, with different treatments of molecular diffusion, with detailed chemistry and flamelet-based chemistry modelling, and using different imposed boundary conditions. The sensitivities of the calculations to these different aspects of the modelling are compared and discussed.
Comparisons are made to experimental data and to previously-performed calculations. It is found that, given suitable boundary conditions and treatment of molecular diffusion, excellent agreement between the calculations and experimental measurements of the mean and variance fields can be achieved for PM150 and PM1100. The application of a recently developed implementation of molecular diffusion results in a large improvement in the computed variance fields in the LESPDF calculations. The inclusion of differential diffusion in the LESPDF calculations provides insight on the behaviour in the near-field region of the jet, but its effects are found to be confined to this region and to the species CO, OH and H-2. A major discrepancy observed in many previous calculations of these flames is an overprediction of reaction progress in PM1150 and PM1200, and this discrepancy is also observed in the LESPDF calculations; however, a parametric study of the LESPDF mixing model reveals that, with a sufficiently large mixing frequency, calculations of these two flames are capable of yielding improved reaction progress in good qualitative agreement with the mean and RMS scalar measurements up to an x/D of 30. Lastly, the merits of each computational methodology are discussed in light of their computational costs.