This week we’ve again seen very high numbers of BMSB movement to pheromone baited Tedders traps. In all of our monitored orchard sites we are above the 10 adult BMSB per trap threshold.Fruit injury can now be observed from late August feeding. We have also seen increasing number of black light trap captures of adult BMSB in Dutchess County, Tivoli, NY. This is a reflection of the adult stage emergence over the past few weeks with increased flight toward orchard and vegetable crops as host plants. They are capable flyers, able to move long distances in large aggregations compared to the nymphal stage.
The attraction of the insect to aggregation pheromones allows for these trapping tools to be used to both monitor the insect to determine presence and populations density, while having a potential for use in trap and kill systems, presently under experimentation. The adult will continue to contribute to very high numbers in the orchard, primarily along the wooded edges of apple blocks, during the month of September. In previous years we have seen increasing levels of fruit feeding injury within the first 90′ from the orchard edge near woodlands.
Traps placed along the wooded perimeter of HV orchards in three of our monitored sites, Milton-West, Milton-East and Campbell Hall have trap captures now well above the threshold for management of 10 adults per week per trap, exceeding 200 BMSB adults and nymphs per week.
Adult movement to tree fruit will continue over the next two months. As fruit is harvested, the BMSB will be drawn to remaining fruit with very high concentrations possible later into the season, especially on varieties such as Empire, Cameo, Fuji, GoldRush and Pink Lady. The adults will be moving in and out of orchards, seeking host food sources to stock up on reserves to take them through the winter and at the same time, moving to urban structures and forest trees (upper canopy of dead trees with ‘flaking’ bark) as overwintering sites. Drying and drought conditions will likely increasing fruit injury from BMSB.
Trap Capture and Scouting Threshold: Throughout the Hudson Valley there is a large disparity between orchards of both presence and abundance of BMSB. In some sites management will need to intensify until the last variety is completely harvested, while in other sites BMSB will not be found in traps in numbers that warrant control measures. In all sites scouting should also continue through the remainder of harvest.
If BMSB adult captures exceed 10/ trap per week, or if the insect is observed on the tree, using 1 BMSB per 100 feet of perimeter orchard linear row, applications for management of BMSB should be made. Employ the first available window using one of the most effective insecticides that will best fit your harvest schedule.
The list of the most effective insecticides for BMSB management is found using this link. NYS labeled insecticides effective for use against the BMSB are available in four major classes including pre-mix formulations.
Thionex and Bifenthrin are the most effective insecticides for use against the BMSB. However, at this point in the season early blocks should be managed using Bifenthrin, Danitol and Lannate (14d PHI), with later harvested blocks employing Thionex (21d PHI). Blocks being harvested next week should use Leverage 360 (7d PHI). Boarder applications to cover most vulnerable blocks should be considered.
Bifenthrin received an emergency exemption use permit (Section 18) to control brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) on apples, peaches, and nectarines in Orange, Dutchess and Ulster Counties of NY. Products include Bifenthure and Brigade, showing the greatest degree of efficacy of the pyrethroid group. However, bifenthrin has a 30d re-application interval, a 14d PHI and 12h REI. When applying either formulation of bifenthrin for BMSB control on apples, peaches, or nectarines, growers must have possession of the Section 18 label, which can be found at: (http://pmep.cce.cornell.edu/regulation/sec18/2014/index.html).