Archive for the “Publications” Category
From the USDA’s Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) program:
Having trouble with pests in your greenhouses and high tunnels? Interested in learning more about using biological control to manage them? Read SARE’s new fact sheet, Sustainable Pest Management in Greenhouses and High Tunnels, to learn how beneficial insects can protect crops in season-extending structures and enhance the sustainability of your operation.
SARE-funded researchers at Cornell University found that with a combination of controls, greenhouse and high tunnel pests could be managed effectively and, in some cases, eradicated.
Highlights of 23 New York case studies include the development of an effective combination of parasitic wasps (Aphidius colemani and Aphidius ervi) to eradicate an aphid infestation on winter greens and peppers. And predatory mites (Amblyeius cucumeris) used in conjunction with minute pirate bugs (Orius insidiosus) helped eradicate thrips on cucumbers. Researchers also found that the two-spotted spider mite was effectively managed by applying a parasitic mite (Phytoseiulus persimilis) on eggplant and strawberries. The Nile Delta wasp (Encarsia formosa) helped manage, and in some instances, even eradicate whiteflies on tomatoes.
The fact sheet includes an introduction to biological control, along with colorful photos that can be used to identify pests and their associated crop damage. It also provides specific how-to information on scouting for pests along with detailed release information, including optimal temperature, quantity of natural enemies and timing of release relative to pest populations. Management strategies for control agents, such as predatory mites and parasitic wasps, and a supply list for obtaining biological control agents are also found in the fact sheet.
Download the fact sheet now.
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You may recognize senior Extension associate Judson Reid, inspecting high-tunnel cucumbers on the cover of Cornell University: Engaged — the first of a series of curated digital magazines on Flipboard, promoting themes that match to the university’s strategic initiatives.
“Part of our strategy for building a presence on Flipboard stems from the fact that the mobile and desktop application has 90 million users who can help spread the good word about Cornell’s activities to broad and possibly new audiences,” writes Jeri Wall, director of writing/content strategy, University Relations/Marketing.
Have a good story about how you engage growers, communities and other stakeholders? I’d love to hear it. Contact me: email@example.com.
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The Spring 2014 issue of periodiCALS features several articles of horticultural interest. Among them:
- Page 4: Watkins Takes Helm of CCE and Plantations Says Aloha to New Director Dunn.
- Page 7: Michael Mazourek’s ’Silver Slicer’ cucumber named one of the top new edible plants of 2014 by Better Homes and Gardens and breeders may soon be able to predict the acid-producing potential of apple trees without waiting for fruit, thanks to research by Kenong Xu.
- Page 22: Marcia Eames-Sheavly’s Experiential Garden-Based Learning in Belize course is featured in “Innovative Instruction In Any Study.” Bryan Duff’s What is School For? course is profiled in a sidebar.
- Page 28: Nick Biebel’s ’14 squash breeding work with Michael Mazourek is featured in “CALS Students Make Their Mark.”
- Marvin Pritts and Steve Reiners are among the beloved faculty featured in this web exclusive.
Download the .pdf or view the digital edition.
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Research assistant Priscilla Thompson tends ornamental peppers.
Chris Wien’s 2013 cut flower cultural practice studies and variety trials report is now available online. This year’s research includes:
- Anemone/Ranunculus tunnel trial
- Delphinium longevity trial
- Larkspur planting date and pinching trial
- Sunflower night interruption experiment
- Sunflower topping methods trial
Wien also reports on variety trials of
- Pumpkin-on-a-stick (Solanum integrifolium)
To see previous years’ reports, visit Wien’s research page.
Below left to right, Eucomis ‘Reuben’, ‘Amadine Yellow Picotee’ ranunculus grown in high tunnel (April 29), ‘Garda Tricolor’ ornamental pepper.
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Via the Northeast Forest Mushroom Growers Network:
Best Management Practices for Log-Based Shiitake Cultivation in the Northeastern United States is a new guide for growers published by Cornell Cooperative Extension in collaboration with the University of Vermont’s Center for Sustainable Agriculture and a team of farm advisors. The book and related publications are available for free download at: http://blogs.cornell.edu/mushrooms/factsheets/
Shiitakes are the second-most cultivated mushroom variety in the world, and the demand for locally produced, log-grown shiitakes is high among chefs and consumers alike. According to the guide, “Forest cultivation of shiitake mushrooms can generate income, diversify farm and forestry enterprises, add value to forestry by-products and create opportunities for timber stand improvement.” At publication time, these mushrooms sell for $10-$18 per pound across the Northeast.
The guide is the culmination of a three-year research and education project funded by a grant from USDA’s Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. The project was led by Ken Mudge, Department of Horticulture, Cornell University, and included Ben Waterman and Bridgett Jamison Hilshey (University of Vermont) and Allen Matthews (Chatham University). The project was informed by the experiences of more than twenty shiitake growers producing for market in the Northeast, led by four farm advisors: Steve Sierigk, Hawk Meadow Farm, Trumansburg, N.Y., Nick Laskovski, Dana Forest Farm, Waitsfield, Vt., Steve and Julie Rockcastle, of Green Heron Growers, Panama, N.Y. and Steve Gabriel, Wellspring Forest Farm, Mecklenburg, N.Y.
The Northeast Forest Mushroom Growers Network is a resource site for growers of all scales featuring factsheets, videos, a Northeast grower directory and listings of events and classes.
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What varieties will perform best in your garden?
Just in time for arrival of this year’s crop of seed catalogs, the 2014 edition of Selected List of Vegetable Varieties for Gardeners in New York State is now available online.
The varieties listed in this report should be well adapted for most home gardens in New York State, offer relatively high quality, be dependable, possess disease and insect resistance when possible, and have a relatively long harvest period.
There may be varieties not listed in the report that will perform satisfactorily in your garden, or even better under certain conditions. If you’d like to dive into a larger pool of varieties as you plan you garden, visit our Vegetable Varieties for Gardeners website for detailed descriptions and seed sources of more than 6,100 varieties. At the site, you can compare varieties, read ratings and reviews by fellow gardeners, and offer your own observations of which varieties perform best in your garden.
And if you’re looking for growing tips, check out our vegetable growing guides.
Best of luck with your 2014 growing season.
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Bioswale at Cornell Plantations filters water from nearby parking lot. (Photo: Ethan Dropkin)
Rain gardens, filter strips and bioswales are a great way to help reduce runoff, flooding and pollution while increasing groundwater infiltration and aquifer recharge – especially in urban areas.
These stormwater prevention practices are often planted with herbaceous plants such as swamp milkweed, soft rush and Joe-Pye weed that tolerate periodic flooding while also surviving dry periods between storms. But these plant need to be cut back annually after their leaves and stems die back to the ground.
Carefully chosen woody shrubs, on the other hand, can do the same job with less maintenance. Plus they can provide aesthetic benefits, year-round interest, shade and wildlife habitat all while removing and sequestering carbon dioxide – a greenhouse gas – from the atmosphere.
To help choose the right shrub for these uses, the Department of Horticulture’s Urban Horticulture Institute (UHI) has just released a 56-page guide, Woody Shrubs for Stormwater Retention Practices (Northeast and Mid-Atlantic Regions). The guide details site assessment and design considerations for those practices and profiles more than 35 woody shrub species that can tolerate both dry and periodically saturated soil conditions typical of retention areas.
The guide is based in part on a study conducted in Ithaca, N.Y., by Master of Professional Studies student Ethan M. Dropkin guided by co-author and UHI director Nina Bassuk. The study tested the flood and drought tolerances of six of the shrub species included in the guide.
Free electronic versions of the guide are available through the outreach section of the UHI website: http://www.hort.cornell.edu/uhi/outreach/
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Ever wonder why some gardens and landscapes look dazzling year after year, while others decline? Or why a planting looks great at one location while the same plants looks skimpy and unattractive nearby?
Careful evaluation of your site before planting will help you make sure that your plants thrive. And a new publication, Site Assessment for Better Gardens and Landscapes, will lead you step-by-step through the process.
The 81-page spiral-bound book includes more than 30 hands-on activities and 50 color photos that will help novice gardeners, experienced gardeners and landscape professionals save time and money, avoid problems, and produce easy-to-care-for, sustainable gardens and landscapes.
The author, Charles P, Mazza, former statewide leader of New York’s Master Gardener Program, brought his years of gardening and landscaping experience to the project. The book is published by Plant and Life Sciences Publishing (PALS), a program of the Department of Horticulture in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Cornell University. Cost is $19.90 plus shipping and handling. Quantity discounts are available. Visit the PALS website for ordering information.
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Look for some familiar hort faces in this special issue of periodiCALS, the magazine of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. [.pdf | digital magazine]
For openers, there’s a two-page spread of students tending associate professor Phillip Grifﬁths research plots at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, N.Y.
Viticulture and enology major Marisa Sergi ’15 describes her new wine, ‘Redhead’ created on her summer internship.
And there’s news about Dilmun Hill’s successful online fundraiser, the installation of the Trillium Permaculture Garden by plant science majors Celine Jennison ’14 and Sarah Nechamen ’15, and agricultural science major Leigh Archer ’13 competing with the elite U.S. team in the World Rowing Under 23 championships.
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A message from Kathryn J. Boor, Ph.D., The Ronald P. Lynch Dean of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
I’m thrilled to announce the launch of CALS Notes, the newest publication of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (CALS) at Cornell University! You’ll note that I called this new effort a “publication,” not a “blog.” While CALS Notes will function like any Tumblr blog, we intend it to be so much more. With original stories, fun features and college news updated daily, CALS Notes will be an exciting new source of information about the nation’s leading college of agriculture and life sciences.
Browsing CALS Notes is as simple as a mouse click. On the home page you’ll find the most recent stories in the chronological order in which they were posted. Looking for something specific? Try the search bar at the top of the page. Or, click the navigation tabs to browse stories categorized under specific themes.
For example, click “Study Notes,” and you’ll find stories about our students. “Lab Notes” brings you to news of our latest research discoveries. “Notables” contains stories on special landmarks in the lives of members of the CALS community. And “Marginalia” is the home of fun and interesting tidbits that illustrate the breadth and depth of ongoings in our college.
You can become a subscriber to CALS Notes in one of three ways: Follow us on Tumblr, subscribe to our RSS feed using your RSS reader, or sign up to join our email list, and receive monthly reminders to visit the site. I hope you enjoy CALS Notes and find it as informative, helpful and fun as we intend it to be.
Nina Bassuk’s Urban Eden class featured in recent post on CALS Notes:
CALS also has a new Facebook page for students, faculty, staff, alumni and friends of the college at www.facebook.com/CornellCALS. We’re also on Twitter @CornellCALS
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