A former student of Lakso’s, Dr. Guillermo Calderon PhD ’04, has been elected the President of the Mexican Society for Horticultural Science. As Vice President, he was the head of the organizing committee for the recent Mexican Horticultural Congress. Dr. Calderon is a professor at the Collegio de Postgraduados Montecillo in Texcoco, Mexico teaching fruit production and researching berries and peaches.
Study shows promise for East Coast broccoli industry [Cornell Chronicle 1/8/2013] – Thomas Björkman provides a recipe to grow a year-round, $100-million-a-year East Coast broccoli industry.
“Most standard varieties developed for western climates have trouble lasting through hot and humid eastern summers,” he says. “But new genetics have allowed us to develop varieties that don’t make misshapen heads when the weather turns consistently warm.”
Björkman is leading a collaboration with public breeders, seed companies, ag economists, grower networks, and others fueled by a $3.2 million U.S. Department of Agriculture grant and supplemented by $1.7 million in matching funds from participating companies.
The Spring/Summer 2012 Department of Horticulture Alumni Newsletter is now online. Catch up on news from alumni around the world and more.
Cultivating energy not weeds: The intersection of bioenergy and invasion ecology
Jacob Barney, Assistant Professor – Plant Pathology, Physiology and Weed Science – Virginia Tech
Thursday, April 5, 2012
12:20 – 1:10 pm
135 Emerson Hall
Unlike traditional food, feed, and fiber crops, bioenergy crops are being selected to be maximally productive on marginal land, which requires they be easy to establish, highly competitive, and thrive with minimal human intervention. The most promising crops are perennial rhizomatous grasses and fast growing trees that exhibit rapid growth rates, possess broad climatic tolerance, tolerate poor growing conditions, harbor few pests, and require minimal inputs. These traits also describe the invasive ‘ideotype’, and typify many of our worst invasive species, most of which were intentionally introduced. I will discuss the risk of invasion and mitigation strategies for the bioenergy industry.
Light refreshments will be served starting at noon.
The March-April 2012 issue of Upstate Gardeners’ Journal features a story by Michelle Sutton (née Buckstrup, M.S. ’00), Love letter to the mother ship (pages 14-17). “Cornell is a beacon for New York gardeners,” writes Sutton. “It’s a source of definitive information for all things horticultural.” Read the whole article.
Botanist William Dress dies at age 93 [Cornell Chronicle, 1/5/2012] – William J. Dress, Ph.D. ’53, professor emeritus of botany at the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium at Cornell, author of 10 plant books and for whom two plants have been named, died Dec. 15 at his home at Kendal at Ithaca. He was the editor of the hortorium’s two journals and for many years served as the editor of the authoritative reference work “Hortus Third: A Concise Dictionary of Plants Cultivated in the United States and Canada.”
Seeds of Change [Essentials blog, 1/5/2012] – Lindsay Myron ’11 is taking lessons learned in her Cornell coursework on garden-based learning to rural Tanzanian farmers.
Weird winter has growers wary [Albany Times-Union, 1/4/2012] – Ian Merwin says it’s too early to tell whether the mild, snowless start to winter will damage the state fruit harvest. “He said an oscillation between unusually warm and normally cold temperatures poses the greatest risk, and that such a pattern is predicted in climatic models used to forecast the direction of man-made climate change. ‘It is not just how cold it gets; it is whether it was unusually warm before that,’ Merwin said.”
School 2 students get extra tunnel to learning [Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, 1/1/2012] – School 2 in Rochester is one of six statewide selected participate in high tunnel project funded by the USDA. “Our intent was to observe how the schools use the structure and whether it would enhance their school gardening program,” said Chris Wien, professor in the Department of Horticulture, Cornell University.
The project is part of the nonprofit 2Seeds Network (www.2seeds.org), which focuses on meeting community goals and teaching African farmers best practices. 2Seeds’ projects grow from the concept of a “triple bottom line” that integrates economic viability, social equity and ecological sustainability.
In Magoma, Lindsay is helping to turn the primary school into a community center to nourish, teach, and empower both youth and adults. The primary school’s farm, which was started last year, is cultivated by the students and promotes food security through practice in critical thinking and agricultural education using existing lines of communication. Profits from the farm fund a school lunch program for the students.“We now have about half an acre of pilipili hoho (green pepper) seedlings that are steadily growing,” writes Lindsay. “The students did a great job finishing up the cultivation and bed preparation in the last week of school, and we’ve transplanted (and re-transplanted) about forty beds. We anticipate that within the next week or so, after the seedlings have grown a little more, we’ll be intercropping cowpeas between rows to help cover the soil and fix nitrogen for those growing peppers!”
Lindsay has also involved the students in the twice-daily irrigations necessary to keep the peppers thriving in this hot, dry season. The students struggled with large buckets, so Lindsay burned holes in the bottoms of old plastic water bottles to create make-shift watering cans. To increase participation, students receive a colored ribbon bracelet and an additional ribbon to tie onto the bracelet for each time they help.“If they reach seven ribbons they receive a zawadi (gift) and move up to the next colored ribbon,” writes Lindsay. “This week’s zawadi was a pencil and balloon, generous donations from a Brazilian couple who passed through Magoma awhile back. The students are loving the bracelets maybe even more than the zawadis and it has sparked some competition among them to see who can come the most often. The bracelets also serve as a visual reminder about the project to both the kids who wear them and their friends who admire them. It’s been working great. At least 15 to 20 kids show every time and we can finish irrigating in 20 to 30 minutes!”
Other projects include creating a colorful mural at the primary school and building a chicken coop at Kijango primary school located in a neighboring village that is also starting a school feeding program with 2Seeds Network support. “I’ve been looking into integrated chicken farming methods, including a tilapia-azolla-poultry system. We’re looking for diversity on both economic and ecological levels.”
Because of differences in culture and the environment, Lindsay has had to adapt what she learned in Belize. For example, it hasn’t been feasible to incorporate the school farm into the students’ curriculum because the Tanzanian education system is too rigid.
“However, I have taken the foundational understanding about garden-based learning and school garden programs that I learned in HORT/IARD 3200 and am using it to critically think about and develop the Magoma Project here,” writes Lindsay. “Things like developing community buy-in, student interest, teacher involvement, and project sustainability. I cannot overstate how much the exposure and the experience I had in Belize has helped me constructively address the challenges we’re facing here.
“It’s so funny too, because I essentially stumbled into garden-based education in the last semester of my Cornell career when I, by chance, passed by the course announcement poster in the basement of Plant Science. Who knew a little piece of paper could shape so much!”
HORT/IARD 3200 is offered alternatives years, coming again spring semester 2013.
Via Kari Richards from the Viticulture and Enology Major News blog:
May graduate Whitney Beaman won finalist recognition and two free tickets for Wine Spectator’s grand tastings for her video The Gentleman and the Scientist. “An old school silent film shot in the modern day covering some basic wine tasting characteristics.”
Nina Bassuk explains fall colors on North Country Public Radio: Fall leaves reaching their peak this week in the Adirondacks.
The October 2 Ithaca Journal (A forest is more than trees) reports on the open house at MacDaniels Nut Grove, where Ken Mudge demonstrated how to inoculate logs with shiitake mushroom spawn and other forest farming practices. “‘A lot of people want to maintain their woodlot,’ said Mudge. ‘They don’t want to sell it; they don’t just want to ignore it.’ Forest farming, he said, ‘is a bridge between the wild and the formalized garden.'”Susan Lang reviews The Complete Book of Potatoes, by Hielke De Jong, Joseph B. Sieczka, and Walter De Jong, in the October 5 Cornell Chronicle article One potato, two potato … All about growing 55 disease-free potatoes and more.
After 29 years, nine-spotted ladybugs found on Long Island, according to an article in the Cornell Chronicle. “The nine-spotted ladybug, New York’s official state insect, was feared to be extinct in this state until citizen scientists rallied to Cornell’s call to help look for it. Several nine-spotted ladybugs were spotted by citizen scientists on Long Island this summer.”