Worm compost can suppress plant disease, regulate nutrients, research finds [Cornell Chronicle 12/21/2011] – Reports on work by Allison Jack and others in Department of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology, and also on a project led by Neil Mattson, Department of Horticulture, to begin this spring focusing on vermicompost’s organic fertilizing capability. Mattson was awarded a $203,000, three-year grant from the USDA to study how organic growers can incorporate vermicompost into their potting mixes for better nutrient management. “What a lot of these growers tell us is fertility issues are the hardest to solve organically. This is a community that is doing a lot of great things. We want to make their production systems even more profitable. We want to promote production systems that promote healthy environments,” said Mattson.
… from the Department of Horticulture
… from the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
… from Cornell University.
To help spread some holiday cheer, Chair Marvin Pritts and his daughter delivered poinsettias donated by Hortus Forum, Cornell’s Student Horticulture Club, to John and Jennifer at Beechtree Care Center, Ithaca.
Recent articles from the Cornell Chronicle:Sessions in Spanish added to state ag expo to reach farmworkers [Cornell Chronicle 12/15/2011] – For the first time, the 2012 Empire State Fruit and Vegetable Expo and Direct Marketing Conference in January will feature 11 sessions in Spanish. Led by Extension associate Mario Miranda Sazo and several Cornell faculty and staff members, the sessions will address issues of “working smarter not harder” and provide basic information about plant physiology so employees will understand why farmers are asking them to do certain tasks.
For each $1 invested into an urban tree, a city reaps $5 in benefit, says tree expert in NYC [Cornell Chronicle 12/12/2011] – The benefit of each urban street tree is worth about $135 to a city for the many roles that it serves, said Nina Bassuk (right), director of the Urban Horticulture Institute and professor in the Department of Horticulture, speaking on the benefit of urban trees at 92nd Street Y in New York City Dec. 7.
2 million pounds of CO2 — $230K — are saved in campus energy conservation contest [Cornell Chronicle 12/12/2011] – Barton Lab in Geneva, N.Y., placed first in the CALS Green pilot project. The friendly yearlong energy conservation aimed to cut energy use in six College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (CALS) buildings by encouraging such environmentally conscious behaviors as switching off lights, composting and closing fume hoods. Here’s what you can do to save energy over the holiday break.
Jill J. McCluskey, Visiting Professor, Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics & Management, talked on Reputations and Neighbors: Understanding Markets for Wine at a special AEM seminar, December 6, 2011. Here’s the video:
Update 12/21/2011: Cornell Dairy egg nog has sold out. But there are still plenty of other reasons to shop at the Cornell Orchards store …
Cornelia, the Cornell Dairy spokescow, wants to know if you’ve got egg nog.
Cornell Dairy’s premium egg nog is hand-crafted in small batches according to a traditional recipe, making it perfect for holiday gatherings. Make some traditions of your own with Cornell Dairy Egg Nog. Premium. Local. Just Plain Good.
And quarts are available at the Cornell Orchards retail store, while supplies last — as well as apples, cider, cooking pumpkins, squash, potatoes, honey, maple syrup and candy, Cornell and local gifts and more. Hours, directions and more information.
Hurry! Supplies limited.
Presentations included an overview of the recently released ClimAID study, and talks on the effects of climate change on New York’s forests, grasslands, wildlife, coldwater fisheries, urban forests, Adirondack ecosystems and more.
Speakers and breakout groups also addressed the challenges of coordinating research efforts, communicating the science of climate change to motivate change, and effective management, intervention and policy options.
Attendees also received copies of the first four factsheets published by the PWT:
- Farm Energy, Carbon, and Greenhouse Gases
- New York’s Changing Climate
- The Earth’s Changing Climate
- Farming Success in an Uncertain Climate
More factsheets are planned for release in 2012, and will also be available through the Cornell Climate Change website.
This year’s ‘Food donations by the numbers … ‘
1,204,462 – Total pounds donated since 2004, including potatoes, sweet corn, snap beans, cabbage, peppers, tomatoes, melons, winter squash and pumpkins.
322, 215 and 100 – Bushels of apples, gallons of cider and pounds of plums (along 6 pecks of pears and 30 pounds of grapes) donated by Cornell Orchards in 2011 to food pantries, schools and other organizations.
Update: 1/26/2012: Registration now open. Visit Small Farms Program website for more information.
Please ‘save the date’ for the 2012 NYS Small Farms Summit scheduled for Wednesday, February 29th, from 9:30am – 3pm. The Summit is an interactive meeting with an opportunity for all participants to take part in lively discussion and provide important feedback, both locally, and across the state. We will be gathering in Ithaca, NY and at 4 other locations around New York State:
- Voorheesville (Albany County)
- Canton (St Lawrence County)
- Warsaw (Wyoming County)
- Riverhead (Suffolk County)
A video connection will allow us to communicate across sites.
Previous Small Farm Summits generated valuable feedback regarding opportunities and barriers affecting the success of small farms in NY. In response, the Cornell Small Farms Program has initiated key projects such as the award-winning Guide to Direct Marketing Livestock and Poultry, sustainable farm energy field days, and a series of interviews with NYS food distributers that work with small farms, to name a few.
The Summit is free to attend and lunch will be provided. Farmer participation is especially encouraged and welcome. Registration details to follow in January, 2012.
The new issue of Appellation Cornell (#8, December 2011) is available online. Features include:
- Automating Measurements of Canopy and Fruit to Map Crop Load in Commercial Vineyards – This research focus article by Terry Bates and robotics and image-sensing scientists from Carnegie Mellon University reports on their collaboration to develop high-tech ways of measuring vine performance that are less costly and labor-intensive than present methods.
- Briefs on two $2+ million projects involving Bruce Reisch and Tim Martinson. Cornell Researchers awarded $2 Million to Streamline Breeding of Next Generation Grapes and Multistate “Northern Grapes Project” to focus on New Cold-Hardy Wine Grapes in Upper Midwest and Northeast
- Research summaries, an interview with AEM marketing specialist Miguel Gomez, and more.
“‘Herriot’ is one tough plant,” says Courtney Weber, the berry breeder in the Department of Horticulture at Cornell University who developed the variety. “Many of our trials are in the worst possible soil conditions, and ‘Herriot’ is always one of the last varieties standing. And it tastes good too!”
The new variety’s features include:
High yields. In trials and with commercial growers in New York, Massachusetts, Illinois, Minnesota and Ontario, ‘Herriot’ yielded as much as 60 percent more than ‘Jewel’, the predominant mid-season variety for perennial matted-row production that was also developed by Cornell. In trials at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, N.Y., ‘Herriot’ harvest consistently begins two days before ‘Jewel’ with yields greater than or equal to that variety most years.Beautiful berries. ‘Herriot’ produces large (up to 25 grams, averaging about 11 grams), heart-shaped, shiny red berries with a bright green calyx. “‘Herriot’ really draws the eye because of the nice shine on the fresh berries,” says Weber. “That makes them very attractive to farm-stand and pick-your-own customers.” Fruit is generally larger and more uniform than ‘Jewel’. Flavor is sweet and mild with light pineapple overtones.
Disease resistance. ‘Herriot’ shows good resistance to common leaf diseases, and holds up well to summer renovation, allowing for wider adaptation to variable soils. In Geneva, ‘Herriot’ blooms in mid-May, avoiding most damaging frosts.
The variety is named for the British author, James Herriot, one of Weber’s favorites.
Weber’s small fruits breeding program at Cornell is focused on developing improved strawberry and raspberry varieties for New York growers. Previous releases from Weber’s program – including ‘L’Amour’ and ‘Clancy’ strawberries and ‘Prelude’, ‘Encore’, and ‘Crimson Giant’ raspberries – have shown wide adaptation throughout New England, the Mid-Atlantic states and the Midwest, as well as temperate regions of Europe.
Growers interested in trying ‘Herriot’ in 2012 can purchase plants from the licensed nurseries Krohne Plant Farms (www.krohneplantfarms.com, 269-424-5423) and Daisy Farms (www.daisyfarms.net 269-782-6321).