Margaret Nichols from the Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections (RMC) sends word of an important change in procedures:
A few minutes past 8:00 am on Thursday, January 10, the Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections inaugurated a new online registration and request system. The new system will allow patrons to do most of the registration process online, and to request materials from the collections online as well, instead of having to fill out request slips by hand. It will also improve RMC’s ability to handle the many requests it receives, to host classes and exhibitions, to process reproduction orders, and to analyze how our collections are being used and how we can best focus our efforts to provide access to them. In implementing the new system, which uses Aeon software from Atlas Systems, Cornell joins a distinguished group; Harvard, Yale, Princeton, the New-York Historical Society, the American Antiquarian Society, and the University of Texas at Austin, among others, are all in the growing community of Aeon libraries.
In order to register in the new system, all users will need to register online, even those who have recently registered by manually filling out a registration card in RMC. Fortunately, the online registration takes only a few minutes. Simply go to https://rare.library.cornell.
The following announcement from Katherine Reagan, the Ernest L. Stern Curator of Rare Books & Manuscripts in the Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections (RMC) is sure to be of interest to many Cornell historians:
The end of the year frequently brings many gifts from our generous alumni, donors, and friends. 2012 was no exception – we were very fortunate this year! Below is a list of RMC acquisition highlights, both purchases and gifts.
Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections
2012 Acquisition Highlights
3-D Image Collection. #8080.
More than 10,000 images and artifacts related to the visual and cultural history of the stereograph and subsequent 3-dimensional imaging technologies assembled over a 20 year period by a private collector. Included are 50 examples of rare stereo formats: daguerreotypes, salt prints, tintypes, ambrotypes, autochromes, kromskop views, tissue views and glass transparencies; thousands of photographic stereoviews representing a vast array of subjects and geographical locations,1,200 additional stereo images In miscellaneous formats,100 examples of stereo cameras, viewers, and related optical devices, 300 examples of holograms, lenticular images, anaglyphs, films, and 3-D digital images, and 200 related magazines, periodicals, catalogs, and books on the history of the three-dimensional image. Purchased with support from Stephan Loewentheil.
Ernie Paniccioli Archive. #8079
Ernie Paniccioli is a Cree photographer, author and activist who has been capturing Hip Hop culture on film for the past 35 years. His 2002 book Who Shot Ya: Three Decades of Hip Hop Photography is widely celebrated and along with Joe Conzo, he is considered one of Hip Hop’s earliest and most important photographers. His archive includes more than 50,000 images in physical and digital form: photographic prints, negatives, digital files, magazines, and other ephemera created or collected by him, representing the complete body of his work as an artist and photographer from the 1970s to the present, including his work as a primary staff photographer for Word Up magazine. Accompanying the acquisition is the artist’s permission to provide the complete corpus of his work online, as well as licensing rights to a majority of his images.
Lincoln and the Civil War: Additions to the Loewentheil Family Photography Collection
In December 2012 we received another spectacular gift addition to the Loewentheil Family Photography Collection. This year’s gift includes dozens of Abraham Lincoln portraits and engravings, first printings of Lincoln’s important Cooper Union Address, photographs and other commemorative materials documenting Lincoln’s death, funeral, and national mourning, Alexander Garnder’s portraits of the conspirators who plotted Linconl’s assasination, a manuscript eye-wittness account of Lincoln’s New York funeral; an extensive collection of photographic portraits of Confederate generals; and an important grouping of 450 photographs of New Yorkers, New York City and environs.
Joe Conzo, Jr. Archive
Called “The man who took Hip-Hop’s baby pictures” by the New York Times, Joe Conzo captured images of the South Bronx between 1978 and 1983, including early hip hop jams, street scenes, and Latin music performers and events. Conzo’s rare images capture Hip Hop when it was still a localized, grassroots culture about to explode into global awareness. Although many of Joe’s prints came to Cornell in 2007 with the arrival of the Hip Hop Collection, this year Joe will transfer all of his South Bronx negatives to us. His images are being digitized by Boo-Hooray Gallery in New York City under the supervision and training of Cornell University Library’s digital production team and with funding provided by Cornell’s College of Arts and Sciences Digitization Program. After scanning is complete, the physical negatives will move to the Kroch Library vault. Accompanying the acquisition is the artist’s permission to provide the complete corpus of his work online, as well as licensing rights to a majority of his images.
Punk collection. #8060
Approximately 3,000 rare and unique items documenting English and American punk and post-punk music, circa 1974-1986. The collection includes original manuscripts, approximately 365 fliers and posters, more than 1,300 fanzines, sound recordings, clothing, photographs, original art, and other ephemera. 157 books in the collection are cataloged separately. A core group of this material was on exhibition in London earlier this fall, and those materials arrived in December 2012 to join the first half of the collection.
The Gail and Stephen Rudin Slavery Collection, #4681
Delivered on December 21, 2012, this spectacular addition to the Rudins’ collection on the history of slavery, includes more than 200 newspapers, engravings, estate appraisals, wills, legal documents, manumissions, advertisements posting rewards for the capture of runaway slaves, slave dealer and slave trade manuscripts, correspondence, sheet music, slave taxation records, stereoviews and other records documenting the sale, hire, purchase and debt payment of slaves in 18th and 19th century America.
Charlie Ahearn Hip Hop Archive, #8078
Charlie Ahearn is an American film director and video artist. He is best known as the director and producer of Wild Style (1983), celebrated as the first film to document Hip Hop culture. Charlie Ahearn’s Hip Hop Archive features 10 cubic feet of flyers, posters, original art, videos, audio, oral histories, film production records, photographs, and vinyl documenting early Hip Hop culture and his 1983 film Wild Style. Picked up in New York on December 8, 2012
Jorge “Popmaster Fabel” Pabon Archive
Popmaster Fabel, born Jorge Pabon is a hip hop dance pioneer and Vice President of the Rock Steady Crew. He established his archive in the Hip Hop Collection this fall with a deposit of early flyers, promotional materials and other ephemera documenting his career as a celebrated b-boy from the early 1980s to the present. An adjunct professor of dance at the NYU, Fabel practices and teaches popping and locking, a style of hip hop dance. He is also a graffiti artist and a DJ. Fabel and his wife Christie Z-Pabon are the founders of Tools of War, an organization dedicated to bringing the true spirit of hip hop culture to NYC parks. The Hip Hop Collection is a proud supporter of their True School Park Jam Series — a summer lineup of park jams at White Park (Spanish Harlem), Crotona Park (Bronx), and St. Nicholas Park (Harlem). In 2012 Fabel won the Words Beats Life, Inc. Hip Hop Pioneer of the Year award.
Archive of the IGTImes (originally called the International Grafitti Times), #8067
This collection documents the international rise of the aerosol art movement and its origins in New York City’s hip hop culture. Founded by David Schmidlapp, with art direction by Phase2, the complete files of the magazine (published 1983-1994) fill 16 cartons and include: 44 hand-collaged paste-up boards, 4,500 photographs documenting art work sent to the IGTimes from all over the world, 5,000 pieces of fan mail from readers, more than 500 magazines and fanzines, advertising files, and 1,000 slide transparencies.
The magazine’s 15 issues—from vol. 1 (Dec. 1983) through vol. 15 (1994)—included profiles, editorials, dialogs, interviews, provocations, social commentary and works of poetry by and about an international and multicultural (though New York-centric) cast of ‘writers’ including Dome, Vulcan, CoCo 144, Spon and Dez, as well as hip hop figures Public Enemy, KRS-1, Schooly-D, and others, featuring cartoons, collages, politically motivated caricatures, stylized portraits, and above all else, photo-documentation, much of it in color, of the vibrant but ephemeral street murals and subway car paintings that represent the movement’s heyday. The serial devoted early coverage to the developing HIV/AIDS crisis, apartheid in South Africa, police brutality in American cities, and the impact of the 2nd amendment on inner city crime. It is remembered by many as the most important and most influential of the underground magazines to cover aerosol art during the decade in which New York City street culture went global.
Black Panther Collection, #8069
112 Publications, posters, handbills, flyers and news clippings covering the activities of the Black Panthers and several of its members. Publications include issues of the periodicals The Black Panther, Black Panther community newsletter, Liberated guardian, Open city, and The Berkeley tribe, and pamphlets by Huey P. Newton and Kim Il Sung. Many of the posters, handbills, and flyers concern Huey P. Newton, Bobby Seale, or Eldridge Cleaver. Other items include a cover proof for If they come in the morning by Angela Y. Davis.
Archives of Diacritics. # 6988
Records of one of the most important American academic journals in the field of literary theory and criticism, based at Cornell, 1971-2000: administration of the journal, correspondence with authors, design/layout/illustrations, subscriptions and publicity.
Letters from and to Ernst and Ernst-Robert Curtius, 1841-1956. # 6957
153 manuscript letters documenting the intellectual, political, and social life in Germany and France over three generations, the most important source for the prominent Curtius family, along with the papers kept at Bonn University.
Rave Collection, #8068
The collection consists of more than 500 rave flyers and stickers, primarily from San Francisco, together with five related newsletters and pamphlets. The materials document San Francisco’s rapid growth into one of the most important cities on the world rave circuit. The flyers range from simple photocopies to professionally produced, four-color dye-cut handouts featuring many of the most popular artists and DJs of the time, such as Moby, Deee-Lite, Prodigy, Todd Terry, Juan Atkins, Peter Tong, Sasha, Roger Sanchez, Derrick Carter, Mark Farina, and many others. Also included are a dozen or more flyers from show promoters, lifestyle retailers (neo-head shops and fashion boutiques), spiritual organizations, and related art exhibitions. The flyers reflect the growing sophistication of the rave scene during the period and its various subcategories such as house, trance, techno, drum and bass, hardcore and others. Performers and DJs represented include Moby, Shamen, Deee-Lite, Rozalla, Prodigy, Daft Punk, The Crystal Method, Fluke, Tony Largo, Markie-Mark, Neon Leon, DJ Ghost, Todd Terry, Peter Avila, Danny Morales, Derrick Carter, Mark Farina, Sasha (Welsh), “Little Louie” Vega, DJ Dimitri, Peter Tong, Juan Atkins, DJ Sanchez, DJ Phil Smart , Graeme Park, DJ Destructo, Yagi, and DJ Dag.
Note: subsequent to the arrival of this collection, RMC purchased another 4,000 rave flyers documenting the rave scene in the United Kingdom ca. 1988-2000.
Richie “SEEN” Mirando Archive, #8073
Over 149 original drawings and 370 original photographs, comprising nearly all that remains of the original sketches used for some of the most famous subway trains ever painted, the artist’s collection of original photographs of his work (yard and station shots in addition to action shots of paintings in progress), and the artist’s collection of original drawings by other United Artists crew members and collaborators such as Pjay, Mitch 77, Duster, Billy 167, Mad, RAL2 and Zoom. Also, two black books, one that belonged to Seen’s brother Mad, and which contains some early Seen color drawings, and Pjay’s black book from his most prolific 1980-1981 period. The collection also contains ephemera including gallery flyers, newspaper articles, and the rare original Style Wars New York “sneak preview” poster with an original outline by Duster on the reverse.
Los Crudos Collection, #8065
A collection of items documenting the Chicago-based Latino hardcore punk band Los Crudos (1991-1998), including posters, flyers, handbills, lyric sheets, LP inserts, record covers, audiocassette tape covers, and other ephemera. All are from the collection of Martín Sorrondeguy, founder and lead singer of the group. The materials reflect the engagement of the band in progressive cultural and political issues, including Latino and immigrant rights, anti-racism organizing, feminism, critiques of violence in gang culture, sexuality, and critiques of mainstream popular culture. Los Crudos identified publicly as a straightedge band that rejected alcohol and drug use. The materials in the collection are primarily in English, but with a considerable amount of Spanish-language content, as well, plus at least one handbill in Portuguese. The collection documents performances of the band in Brazil, Canada, France, Japan and Mexico, in a number of cases sponsored by anarchist and libertarian left organizations. Posters and handbills in the collection also reflect concerts in cities around the United States, including Chicago; Los Angeles; Madison, Wisc; Paramus, N.J.; and Tempe, Ariz.
Janet Hamil Archive featuring the papers of Patti Smith, #8062
The Janet Hamill Archive contains extensive materials that document the life and work of Janet Hamill. The archive additionally illuminates Hamill’s unique relationship with her longtime friend, poet, writer, singer-songwriter and artist Patti Smith. Included are correspondence (approximately 380 letters), manuscripts, journals, notebooks, diaries (several thousand pages dated 1967-2007) and photographs documenting Hamill’s work. Also included are materials pertaining to Patti Smith consisting of correspondence (approximately 100 letters), manuscripts and notes concerning the book Just Kids (approximately 1,000 pages) and photographs of and by Patti Smith.
Los Angeles Punk Collection
Archive of material from the Los Angeles punk scene assembled by a passionate music fan between 1982 and 1992. Materials include over 250 flyers, with a half-dozen featuring artwork by Raymond Pettibon; 10 broadsides/posters; 40 band-related stencils that were likely used to decorate band gear, performance space or posters; more than 55 punk magazines, both amateur and professionally produced; nearly a dozen stickers of punk bands; over 50 ticket stubs for shows at various venues around L.A.; and other assorted ephemera including political and religious handouts distributed to show attendees. Music represented ranges from original Los Angeles bands (The Dickies and X) to pioneering hardcore bands (Circle Jerks, The Middle Class, Wasted Youth, The Mentors, and T.S.O.L.), crossover thrash (Suicidal Tendencies and D.I.), altrock/punk (The Red Hot Chili Peppers, Bad Religion, and Social Distortion), and a few mainstream recording artists who visited the L.A. area (David Bowie, Pink Floyd, James Lee Hooker, and Deep Purple).
AND: Arriving Soon!!
The Amsterdam News Photo Archive
Cornell University Library has purchased the Amsterdam News Photo Archive containing 324 linear feet of material, over 130,000 photo prints and over 4,000 pieces of ephemera. Founded in 1909 by James H. Anderson, the New York Amsterdam News is one of the oldest African-American owned and run newspapers in the country. Initially focused on local news in New York in general and Harlem in particular, the Amsterdam News broadened its scope to include national news under the guidance of editor Dr. C.B. Powell in the 1930s. By the 1960s, the newspaper had become a major voice in the national African-American community, offering extensive coverage of the civil rights movement. Beginning in 1982, the newspaper was edited by Wilbert A. Tatum, under whose guidance the newspaper remained a spirited voice in local and national affairs. In 1996, Tatum turned control of the newspaper over to his daughter, Elinor Tatum, who remains the publisher and editor-in-chief.
Containing material spanning 83 years (1920-2012), the archive includes photographs and related material covering a broad range of topics, with a particular focus on day-to-day life in New York’s African-American community during the 20th century. The subjects include civil rights marches and protests, but also church events, high school graduations, local politics, and fashion. The materials in the archive include vintage silver gelatin prints, negatives (including many unpublished images), contact sheets, Polaroids, wire photos, and halftone prints. As the working photo archive of a continuously-published newspaper, many of the images have retouching; attached captions, press releases, and cover letters; and printer’s instructions. In addition to photographs, the archive includes ephemera and manuscript material, including newspaper article drafts, typescript and mimeographed speeches, correspondence, event programs, magazine and newspaper clippings, employment applications, press releases, and newspaper production materials. The materials constitute an unparalleled resource for the study of African-American life in the 20th century.
The bulk of the materials range from the mid-1940s through the mid-1990s. The materials are divided into 13 series, reflecting the organization of the materials in the AM News offices. A major sub-series of the collection is the archive of Mel Tapley, who began working for the Amsterdam News in 1942 and served as entertainment editor until his retirement in 1997. The Mel Tapley archive includes a wide variety of material, including correspondence, manuscript and typescript articles and notes, artwork, press kits, publicity photos, and printing plates for comic strips drawn by Tapley.
Photographers represented include Bert Andrews, Kwame Brathwaite, Al Burley, James C. Campbell, Curt Clemons, Juanita M. Cole, Karl Crutchfield, L. St. Clair Dummett, Monroe S. Frederick II, James Gilbert, Dave Greene, Austin Hansen, Tex Harris, Bob Head, Cecil Layne, David McAdams, Bill Moore, Allen Morgan, Vondel Nichols, Lem Peterkin, George M. West, and Lloyd Yearwood. Photo agencies and services represented include Pictorial Enterprise, Wide World Photo, Harris Photo, News Voice International, Rapid News Photo, United Press International, Negro Press Photo Service, Wagner International Photos, and Ace Creative Photos.
The Department of Special Collections and University Archives at Vanderbilt University has recently created a fascinating digital archive of primary sources compiled by Robert Penn Warren for his book “Who Speaks for the Negro?” In 1965, Warren traveled the country speaking to many civil rights leaders. The recorded interviews, transcripts, and associated correspondence and other material are now available online.
The Cornell University Library (CUL) is a member of the Center for Research Libraries (CRL) in Chicago. CRL owns approximately five million publications, archives, and collections that supplement Cornell’s humanities, science, and social science holdings. CUL users can borrow material for an unlimited period, making CRL’s collection in effect an extension of CUL’s own holdings.
CRL announced recently the purchase of 11 new major microfilm collections:
- Bod-ljon par Tibet Daily (1961–66; 1979; 1982; 1984; 1998; 2002; and 2005–06)
- British Intelligence on the North-West Frontier 1901-1949: India Office Political and Secret Reports on Tribes and Terrorism. British Library and India Office Collections.
- Foreign Office Files for Post-War Europe, Series Two: The Treaty of Rome and European Integration, 1957-1960
- Newspapers from Nazi Germany (1929–45)
- Knickerbocker Press Newspaper (Albany, NY, 1910 – 1937)
- Papers of Emma Hart Willard, 1787-1870
- Papers of the War Refugee Board
- Qing dai Xinjiang dang an xuan ji (清代新疆档案选辑)
- The Rafu shimpo microfilm
- Satirische Zeitschriften (Satirical Periodicals)
- Sexualerleben und Körperkultur (Sexual Experience and Body Culture: Deutschsprachige Publikationen, 1880-1932.) Suppl. 1 2007
- Si Fa Gong Bao (司法公报)
Project MUSE from the Johns Hopkins University Press has long been an important source for journals in electronic form, but did you know that it is now offering university press monographs as well? The University Press Content Consortium, which initially comprised 66 academic publishers, is offering many of its titles through Project MUSE.
The utility of electronic monographs for humanists and social scientists has been a matter of debate, so as an experiment, the Library recently purchased a subset of the available titles. There are 773 titles available in electronic form in the following areas; the dates indicate the date of publication of the printed original:
- 2010, 2011, 2012 Archaeology and Anthropology
- 2011 Literature
- 2010 U.S Regional Studies
- Classical Studies (all years)
- Language and Linguistics (all years)
Project MUSE books are offered in PDF format, searchable and retrievable to the chapter level, with unlimited simultaneous usage, no digital rights management (DRM), and no restrictions on printing or downloading. Individual titles are listed in the library catalog.
The library is interested in receiving feedback on the desirability of acquiring more print monographs in electronic form and what improvements in functionality may be needed. Some of the titles are available on multiple platforms. For example, Jon Parmenter’s book, The Edge of the Woods: Iroquoia, 1534-1701 is available from both Project MUSE and from Ebrary. Which is better, and why?
The digitization of old newspapers is transforming their value as source material. It is now possible to search across millions of pages of scanned and OCRed papers. There are free resources, such as Chronicling America from the Library of Congress and the Fulton County history site (which provides access to an incredible 25 million pages of scanned NY papers). And there are commercial products ranging from The New York Times and Washington Post from ProQuest to America’s Historical Newspapers from Readex. There is a Cornell guide to digitized newspapers that provides an overview of what is available.
The Library subscribes to as many of the commercial resources as we can, but they often are very expensive. What can you do if the paper you are interested in is not available through Cornell?
An option may be to use a newspaper product from a genealogical publisher. For a reasonable fee (often as low as $80/year), they can provide access to hundreds of titles that we do not own. Here are three examples:
- Newspapers.com is a new database from Ancestry, the company that produces the Ancestry.com database to which the library currently subscribes. Newspapers.com currently has over 800 papers and 25 million pages. Newspapers supposedly date from the 1700s into the 2000s.
- GenealogyBank.com from NewsBank, one of the Library’s sources for contemporary online news, claims to have over 6,400 newspapers available for searching. Because NewsBank also owns Readex, this may be a source for papers in series in America’s Historical Newspapers to which the Library does not subscribe.
- For UK papers, the genealogy site Findmypast.co.uk has added 200 UK newspaper titles published between 1710 and 1950. These are produced in conjunction with the British Library.
In most cases, these sites have limited free searching. Since these are intended primarily for the genealogical community, searching is often by name. Nevertheless, the full content of the paper is usually included. And these services often offer a free trial period. If they have the papers from an area of interest to you, it could be an affordable research expenditure.
Looking for authoritative information and background on a historical event, period, or character? the literature of specific language? the evolution of the language itself? Search or browse the full text of the latest editions of the renowned Cambridge Histories series. The 250 titles comprising over 300 volumes are available online, 24/7.
From the latest volume in the The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature series, Arabic Literature to the End of the Umyyad Period published this year, to the monumental 19-volume Cambridge Ancient History (published 1982-2005), chronological and thematic essays written by scholars and academic authors provide the historical and literary context for a wide range of cultures and eras worldwide. Multi-volume titles range from histories of China, India, Japan, Southeast Asia and Iran that cover centuries and millenia of change to histories of theater, philosophies, major religions, medical ethics, food, and human disease.
Each chapter is supported by a extensive bibliography and many include illustrations from primary materials. In short, the Complete Cambridge Histories Online are a continually evolving and updated corpus of scholarly literature in the humanities.
posted: 10/9/12 1:39 PM by moe1
Military historian David J. Silbey’s book, The Boxer Rebellion and the Great Game in China, offers a much-needed and fresh telling of this series of events. The author ably captures the drama and feel of the period with deft and stylish writing that yields insights into key events and personalities, and also into the so-called great game of empire amid the struggle between modern and barbaric, between old and new… Silbey does a splendid job in laying out the particular ambitions of the great powers (including the newly arrived ones, such as Japan and the United States) as they ran up against a crumbling dynasty and a restless and long-suffering people not willing to watch their nation be so easily turned into the next laboratory for the West’s great colonial experiment.
As part of a joint purchase with our partner library at Columbia, CUL will be adding 15 of the Oxford Bibliographies Online to our electronic holdings. The first of these, Atlantic History and Medieval Studies, are now listed in the catalog; the others should be activated shortly. Among the topics being added are Renaissance & Reformation, International Relations, and Islamic Studies.
The Oxford Bibliographies are intended to be “a starting point for organizing a research plan, preparing a writing assignment, or creating a syllabus.” The Atlantic History bibliography is typical of all of them. It currently offers peer-reviewed research guide articles to 112 subject areas. Each guide consists of a short introductory essay on the specific topic followed by an annotated guide to literature of the field.
If you would like an authoritative guide to the literature of an unfamiliar area, check out Oxford Bibliographies.
A recent review in Reviews in History from the Institute of Historical Research praises the project called Cultures of Knowledge (Cofk). CofK offers a platform on which early modern intellectual historians can meet virtually and exchange knowledge about early modern networks through the study of their correspondence. The reviewer notes that “the site structure makes sense, everything is explained clearly and everything works, updates are continuous and everything that ends up on the CofK website is worth reading. It is a gem of a resource.”
The reviewer’s one regret is that CofK and other resources for early modern studies are not more well-known. We can start to rectify that. Here are some projects that early modernists should have bookmarked and consult regularly:
- Cultures of Knowledge: An Intellectual Geography of the Seventeenth-Century Republic of Letters. http://cofk.history.ox.ac.uk/ “The ultimate objective of Cultures of Knowledge is to use the intellectual networks and epistolary cultures of the seventeenth century as a means of connecting transnational interdisciplinary research across the broad field of early modern intellectual history.”
- Early Modern Letters Online (EMLO). http://emlo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/. A union catalog for basic descriptions of early modern correspondence from eight contributing collections. It hopes to add more institutions and guides over time.
- Mapping the Republic of Letters. https://republicofletters.stanford.edu/ “A collaborative, interdisciplinary humanities research project looking at 17th and 18th century correspondence, travel, and publication to trace the exchange of ideas in the early modern period and the Age of Enlightenment.” The project is described here.
- e-corpus. http://www.e-corpush.org/ is a French collective digital library “that catalogs and disseminates numerous documents: manuscripts, archives, books, journals, prints, audio recordings, video, etc.” Among the 27 virtual collections are the correspondence of Nicholas Claude Fabri Peiresc (1580-1637) and one on the “Landscape of War” in the 20th century.
- Europeana. http://www.europeana.eu/portal/ Europeana is a growing collective digital library for Europe with contributions from 1500 institutions. There is a small amount of early modern correspondence included. You can search for correspondence by searching for “what:Correspondence” and then use the “Timeline” display to see material that may be of interest from a particular century.
- Electronic Enlightenment. http://resolver.library.cornell.edu/misc/6993675 A subscription product from the Voltaire Foundation that was announced earlier on this blog.