What: 1 day Pesticide Applicator Training (PAT) Course.
Application technology is rapidly changing how crop protection products can be applied to maximize efficacy while minimizing spray drift. Proper education and training is needed to assist pesticide applicators in the safe and efficient use of current pest control equipment. Currently there is a void in the amount of professional applicator training being offered for commercial ground-based applicators. Read below to get info on a newly designed one-of-a-kind professional training course for this group of pesticide applicators and the management staff who supervise them.
When and Where: Two dates/ locations offered.
* September 19, 2012- CaroVail Facility, Salem, New York
* September 21, 2012- Peacock Hill Farm, Farmington, New York
Online registration is now available for the 2012 Asmark Institute Professional Applicator Training (PAT). Classes can hold up to 30 people. Cost is $220 per person.
Cost is $220 per person with lunch provided on location.
To Register: https://www.asmark.org/TrainingCourses/ .
Once directed to the website page, click on Professional Applicator Training (1 day) then simply click on the date and location you wish to attend.
Jessica Rennells, NOAA Northeast Regional Climate Center, Cornell University
Last week we had hot weather followed by a cooling trend bringing the overall temperature departure to 0 to 6 degrees above normal. Precipitation amounts ranged from a trace to an inch for most of the state, though some areas did see over an inch. The base 50 growing degree-days ranged from 100 to 150.
Hot again! We’ll see hot and humid conditions starting today and through the weekend.
Today will be sunny with highs in the mid to upper 80’s, some near 90. Overnight will also be warm, with temperatures in the 60’s. Showers and thunderstorms are possible tonight into Friday morning, some of which could be severe producing heavy rain.
Friday will be sunny with temperatures rising into the upper 80’s and low 90’s. Lows will be in the upper 50’s to mid 60’s.
Saturday will again be hot and sunny with temperatures in the upper 80’s and low 90’s. Overnight temperatures will be in the 60’s.
Sunday will be mostly sunny with a chance for showers and thunderstorms and highs in the mid 80’s to low 90’s. Lows will be in the 60’s.
Monday will be mostly sunny with a chance for showers and thunderstorms. Highs will be a little cooler, throughout the 80’s. Lows will be in the upper 50’s to low 60’s.
Tuesday will be mostly sunny with highs in the upper 70’s to mid 80’s. Lows will be in the low to mid 60’s.
Wednesday’s temperatures will be throughout the 80’s with a chance for showers and thunderstorms. Lows will be in the 60’s.
The five-day precipitation amounts will range from a tenth to half an inch. The 8-14 day out look is showing normal temperatures and below normal precipitation for most of the state.
June 21, 2012 – The Oneida County Scouting Report includes a weekly update of weather conditions including local rainfall and GDDs, and periodic comparisons with the rainfall and GDD averages from the past 20 years. It also includes current condition of field crops: corn, soybeans, hay, wheat and oats. Any potential threats from pests of these crops are reported with information from the Central New York region as well as from local fields. During the month of May samples are taken from local hay fields weekly with reports of NDF, NEL and CP are included in the report.
COME & JOIN US!!!
2012 CORNELL SEED GROWERS FIELD DAY
Tuesday, 3 July 2012
For Seed Growers, Seed Treatment Applicators, and other Seed Professionals
Place: NYSIP Foundation Seed Barn, 791 Dryden Rd., Rt. 366, Ithaca, NY Time: 8:30 AM-12:00 noon
8:30-9:00 Registration, coffee, & networking
9:00 Introduction Margaret Smith
Board wagons, begin tour
Small Grains: Breeding for Quality and Pest Resistance Mark Sorrells
White and red winter wheat variety recommendations
Spring oat and spring barley variety recommendations
Prediction models for Fusarium head blight selections
Varietal improvement using marker-assisted selection
OREI grant “Value-added grains for local and regional food systems”
Certified and Foundation Seed Update Alan Westra
Field Crops Pathology Update Gary Bergstrom
2012 early season disease occurrence overview
Integrated management of Fusarium head blight and vomitoxin in wheat
U.S. recovery plan for new virulent stem rusts
Disease assessment in switchgrass varieties
Forage Varieties, Pest Management, and Breeding Don Viands
What new yield data are available in perennial forages?
What’s new with alfalfa varieties with resistance to potato leafhopper?
Update on research with brown root rot resistance in alfalfa
Breeding alfalfa for higher forage quality
Breeding alfalfa for resistance to alfalfa snout beetle
New research on switchgrass seeding rates and seeding time
DEC continuing education credits requested; CCA credits available.
Margaret Smith (607-255-1654, email@example.com) for the Field Day Planning Committee For your calendar: Cornell Seed Conference Date: Thursday 29 November 2012
Jerry Bertoldo, DVM, Dairy Specialist, NWNY Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops Team
Lots of grass intended for making hay and haylage has been harvested with armyworms. The consensus is that for dry hay there is little concern. The armyworm caterpillars do not remain on dry forage, instead they seek succulent grass or corn to munch on. Armyworms are not known to contain any toxins, so accidental grazing or including of some in baled hay is not a problem.
Ensiled hay crop contaminated with armyworms may pose a different situation. Unfortunately, there is little information as to what can be expected when you chop up these pests and put them up in some form of haylage storage. It is known that haylage with high numbers of caterpillars becomes dark, slimy and smelly in a short period of time. Whether this “animal” protein leads to dangerous bacterial growth during storage is not certain. Similar ensiling of animal carcasses can lead to botulism risk. General clostridium growth in haylage is common to high protein legumes when put up too wet (<30% DM) and where the pH does not drop to 5.0 or lower. Haylage put up in air tight bags or upright silos at 40% DM or greater has less risk of this abnormal bacterial growth even though the pH does not drop to an ideal level.
The Kentucky abortion problem in horses some time ago has been tied to tent caterpillars, a very different species. Here the intestinal inflammatory reaction to the caterpillar hairs creates a compromise in the ability of the gut to keep bacteria and gut toxins out of the blood stream. This is what led to the mysterious abortion issues. Armyworm caterpillars are hairless hence no concern.
In summary, armyworms either accidently consumed with pasture or in dry hay are not a worry. Ensiled ones might be a concern. Shoot for the dry matter appropriate for the storage method used. If a haylage looks and smells bad, don’t feed it. Mark any baleage or AgBags that might have caterpillar contaminated haycrop included and check it before feed out. If you have layered a bunker silo with contaminated material, it will be more difficult to assess what you have. The amount of dangerous bacteria needed to cause health problems can be very small. That is known. How much risk is there for them to be present is the big question.
Time to Start Scouting for Potato Leafhopper on Alfalfa
Dairy Cattle Pest Management Resources
Mark Your Calendars
View From the Field
The True armyworm is center stage again for the 4th week. They are being found statewide and mostly in grasses and mixed stands. There have been reports of armyworm over threshold in oats and corn. The majority of the damage is still occurring in Western NY and into St. Lawrence county. But there are reports of some fields over threshold in Eastern, NY from Clinton County to Dutchess County and out to Oneida County. A light of hope is that in Eastern NY extension educators are reporting that some of the populations are showing signs of biological control. Both parasitoids and pathogens have been found in populations of armyworms. The pathogen can wipeout a population armyworms in a field. Parasitoids can hold a population in check so it does not build. Again as we have said you never know where and when this will happen. It might come to a field near you!
A question was raised this week on whether the 2nd generation of true armyworms would cause more damage to crops Elson Sheilds (Cornell Field Crops Extension Entomologist) responded that there is no useful reason to monitor or worry about the second generation of armyworm!! The same behavior which makes this insect a long-distance migrant (the need to fly long distance before settling down to lay eggs) is in force in all generations. In addition, the dilution in the vast habitat in NY reduces any potential to a non problem. The reason we had a spring problem was that millions of moths were concentrated into a small zone due to weather issues and dumped on us in a wide swath from Michigan across Ontario to NY.
Paul Cerosaletti and Dale Dewing are reporting black cutworm damage in corn. Paul stated that they have found damage in very clean fields (weed free) of corn. They also found a loose smut on the heads of barley. I also found a lot of loose smut in organic wheat in Essex county last week.
Gary Bergstrom reports finding several wheat diseases near Aurora this week. These include brown leaf rust, striped leaf rust, eye spot foot rot, and Fusarium foot rot. Rusts can dramatically reduce yields on wheat. Eye spot root rot and fusarium root rot can also affect yield.
Potato leafhoppers (PLH) can be found readily on alfalfa throughout the state. In western NY Mike Stanyard is reporting very high levels of PLH on alfalfa. He stated that they are even over threshold on PLH resistant alfalfa. The rest of the state is reporting finding PLH but not at threshold levels. See article below on how to scout for PLH in alfalfa.
An interesting thing is that Mike Stanyard reports that PLH are at high levels in soybeans. Elson Shields (Cornell Field Crops Extension Entomologist) responds that pubescent soybeans are not generally damaged by PLH. The plant hairs interfere with the adult’s egg laying ability. Eggs are inserted in the leaf and stem tissue and the plant hairs interfere with those activities. It is a mechanical resistance. Remove the plant hairs (glabrous) and soybeans are very susceptible to PLH. In pubescent soybeans, you will find adults but rarely nymphs. It is the nymphs which cause the majority of the economic damage.
Keith Severson reports an issue we should all be aware of “BEES”! This time of year with fields being sprayed with insecticides it is important to consider protection of bees. Always follow insecticide label instructions. If there are flowering plants in the fields you are spraying you have the potential to kill bees. Many times the bees will carry an insecticide back to the hive and kill many more. If you observe bees in a field you are going to spray you could consider a better time of the day to spray. Spraying in the evening after bees have returned to their hives is one option. Notify the bee keeper of your intentions to treat a field.
Western Bean Cutworm (WBCW) trapping began statewide the week of June 10. Twenty-eight locations are now reporting WBC collection data.
The first WBC moths (2) were collected last week in Eden (Erie County) in a sweet corn field. This week WBC moths (1 each) were collected in Eden and Lockport (Niagara county). Both traps were adjacent to sweet corn fields.
July 21, 2012
NOAA NE Climate Center, Cornell University
Last week temperatures ranged from normal to 6 degrees above normal. Precipitation amounts ranged from a trace to half an inch. The base 50 growing degree-days ranged from 75 to 150 for most of the state.
Hot! We’ll have one more day of heat before a cold front comes through to bring us back to normal temperatures. Temperatures will continue to cool into next week as a large upper low persists over the Northeast.
Today will be hot & humid with temperatures in the upper 80’s and throughout the 90’s, and heat indices into the 100’s. A cold front will move across the state, starting in the evening, and bring a chance of showers and thunderstorms. Overnight temperatures will be in the mid 60’s to low 70’s. Friday temperatures will be closer to normal, in the upper 70’s and low 80’s. The Catskills and lower Hudson Valley could still see some near 90. Showers and thunderstorms will be possible as the front moves along. Lows will be in the mid 50’s to low 60’s. Saturday will be sunny with highs in the upper 70’s and low 80’s. Lows will be in the mid 50’s to low 60’s. Sunday will be partly sunny with temperatures in the mid 70’s to low 80’s. Overnight temperatures will be in the mid 50’s to low 60’s. Monday scattered showers will be possible with highs only in the low to mid 70’s. Lows will be in the 50’s. Tuesday will be cool with highs in the mid 60’s to low 70’s and a chance of showers. Lows will be in the 50’s.Wednesday’s temperatures will also be cool, in the mid 60’s to low 70’s. Overnight temperatures will be in the 50’s. The five-day precipitation amounts will range from .25 to 1.25 inches. The 8-14 day outlook is below normal temperatures and normal precipitation.
Time to Start Scouting for Potato Leafhopper on Alfalfa
Ken Wise, NYS IPM
Scouting alfalfa fields is the key to early detection of potato leafhopper infestations. Use a 15-inch diameter sweep net to determine the potential risk a potato leafhopper infestation may pose to your alfalfa. Scouting for potato leafhopper starts after the first cutting of alfalfa (about the first part of June) till the first fall frost. You will want to use a potato leafhopper sequential sampling plan to determine if an infestation requires management or not. The first thing to do is determine the height of your alfalfa. Smaller plants are more vulnerable to potato leafhopper; thus there are different action thresholds for different heights of alfalfa. The second thing you will need to know is how to sample for potato leafhopper. A sample consists of a set of 10 sweeps of the net. A sweep is one pass in front of you as you walk through the alfalfa. The return swing is counted as another sweep. Sequential sampling reduces the time spent in each field and tells you whether to treat (management action) or not treat (no management action). Sequential sampling is particularly helpful in minimizing time required to make a management decision in situations where PLH populations are very high or very low. Use the following chart to determine potato leafhopper infestation levels.
Write down the number of potato leafhoppers for each sample taken on the card. Add each sample to the next, keeping a running total of potato leafhoppers. You will need to take at least 3 samples using the sequential sampling method. On the sequential sampling card “Don’t Treat” is defined as no treatment (no management) needed at this time and “Treat” is defined as treatment (management) needed within in a week. If the sample is smaller than the “Don’t Treat” number stop and scout 7 days later. If the number of leafhoppers is larger than the “Treat” number then management action needs to be taken within a week. If the number of potato leafhoppers fall between “Don’t Treat” and “Treat” then continue and take the next sample till a decision can be determined.
Dairy Cattle Pest Management Resources
Keith Waldron, NYS IPM
Summer is here and warmer temperatures have been favorable for potential increases in fly pests affecting dairy animals and other livestock.
A quick source of factsheets, management recommendations and other resources on Livestock (dairy cattle, poultry, sheep, goats, swine, and horses) Integrated Pest Management can be found at: http://nysipm.cornell.edu/livestock/ and http://www.entomology.cornell.edu/Extension/Vet/index.html.
For those with a specific interest in dairy barn fly management an archive of a 2 hour Web stream broadcast is available for viewing or download at: http://nysipm.cornell.edu/livestock/teleconf.asp
Keith Waldron, NYS IPM
Emergency contact information (“911”, local hospital, Chem. Spill emergency contact, other?) posted in central posting area
Maintain crop records by field, including variety, planting date, pesticides used, nutrient inputs including manure, etc.
Walk fields to check crop condition, growth, and emergence. Look for signs of vertebrate pests (birds, ground hogs, deer, etc.).
Mow around farm buildings to minimize rodent and other pest habitat
Begin grain bin and auger clean up and preparations for storage.
Alfalfa and Grass Hay:
Monitor alfalfa for crop condition, watch re-growth for alfalfa weevil, potato leafhopper, and diseases.
Calibrate manure spreaders – maintain records on amount spread per field
Cattle on Pasture:
Monitor animals for presence of face flies, horn flies and stable flies. Action guidelines: face flies (average 10 per animal face), horn flies (average 50 / dairy, 200 / beef cattle per animal side), stable flies average 10 per animal (all four legs)
Check feed bunk / water source locations for signs of stable fly breeding (moist undisturbed organic matter – spilled feed, round bales, etc.), minimize source of moist organic matter i.e. fly breeding areas in barn and in adjacent animal loafing yard
Check paddocks for forage quality / quantity, rotate as appropriate
Check paddocks for vegetation poisonous to livestock
Consider use of fly traps to help reduce deer, horse and stable fly populations
Dairy Cattle Barn Fly Management:
Monitor animals and barn area for house fly, stable fly and other pest management needs including presence of rodents and birds.
Check facilities for favorable fly breeding conditions: (organic matter + moisture): leaks in watering systems, roof gutters for leaks and potential overspill, drainage,
Sanitation, sanitation, sanitation – clean animal resting areas, feed troughs, minimize source of moist organic matter i.e. fly breeding areas in barn and in adjacent animal loafing yard
Continue fly monitoring: install “3X5” index card fly speck monitoring cards throughout barn